Assessment of heavy metal content during composting of palm oil empty fruit bunches compost fertilizer / Nazihah Bador

Bador, Nazihah (2017) Assessment of heavy metal content during composting of palm oil empty fruit bunches compost fertilizer / Nazihah Bador. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

Composting of the empty fruit bunch (EFB) and the palm oil mill effluent (POME) is one of the option to treat the abundance of palm oil wastes in an economically way. The presence of heavy metals in compost fertilizer can be the main cause of adverse effects on animal and human health by transmitting through the food chain from the soil, groundwater, and plants. The main objective of this study is to determine the presence of heavy metals in palm oil mill effluent (POME) and palm oil empty fruit bunches (EFB) composts fertilizer. This study was conducted at Minsawi Vata Biofertiliser Sdn Bhd, a composting plant located in Kuala Kangsar, Perak, Malaysia. A 2 kg of EFB samples were collected at different locations of the windrow, bottom, core and surface. The compost samples were collected by using composite sampling method. POME samples were obtained from a pond that store POME to be sprayed directly onto the composting materials. For POME samples, three bottles of samples are collected for laboratory analysis. The heavy metal in EFB and POME samples were analyzed by using Atomic Absorption Spectrometer (AAS). All the heavy metals (Pb, Ni, Cu, Cd, and Zn) were detected in POME but no Pb and Cu detected in EFB samples. The level of heavy metals Ni, Zn and Cd was varying from day 1, day 20, day 30 and day 45. There were statistical significant difference of Nickel and Zinc concentration throughout the composting process. As a conclusion, very low concentrations of heavy metals were detected in the final compost. The EFB compost fertilizer can be suitable to be used as fertilizer for the oil palm plantation or as a soil amendment.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Bador, Nazihah
2013840148
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Advisor
Mohd Yatim, Siti Rohana
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances, water supply
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Environmental effects of industries and plants
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: EFB; empty fruit bunch; POME; palm oil mill effluent; composting; heavy metal
Date: July 2017
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/45818
Edit Item
Edit Item

Download

[thumbnail of 45818.pdf] Text
45818.pdf

Download (172kB)

Fulltext

Fulltext is available at:
  • Bilik Koleksi Harta Intelek, Unit Terbitan Bersiri & Elektronik, PTAR Puncak Alam

ID Number

45818

Indexing

|

Statistic

Statistic details