Exposure to chromium in used crankcase oil among mechanics / Siti Noraiza Mahussin

Mahussin, Siti Noraiza (2014) Exposure to chromium in used crankcase oil among mechanics / Siti Noraiza Mahussin. [Student Project] (Submitted)

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Abstract

Introduction: Considerable quantities of heavy metals, such as Lead (Pb), Zinc (Zn), Copper (Cu), Chromium (Cr), Nickel (Ni) and Cadmium (Cd), are contained in used crankcase oil and these metals are highly toxic to organisms. The norm of work as a mechanic was directly dealing with the used oil added with the lack of awareness on personal hygiene amongst mechanics will increase the possibility of heavy metal to be consumed either by ingestion, inhalation or absorption.
Methodology: A cross sectional study was conducted to determine the Chromium (Cr) concentration level in used crankcase oil. This study also intends to determine nails chromium level among the exposed group at the selected auto-workshop. The ex-situ analysis was carried out to determine Chromium in used crankcase oil and nail samples. The analysis was carried out using Fame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (FAAS). This study aims to associate chromium level in nails to the occupational exposure of used crankcase oil to mechanics. The samples were taken from 3 auto-mechanic workshop around Gombak. Respondents that participated in this study were mechanics. A total of 15 mechanics (n=15) were participated in this study. The controlled group consists of 15 people (n=15) whose working in the workshops but do not handling crankcase oil such as clerk, people who frequently visited the workshops and people who live nearby study location.
Results: Result shows the presence of chromium in used crankcase oil taken from 3 auto workshops in Kampung Kerdas and the presence of chromium in nails of exposed and non­ exposed group. Chromium concentration in nails of exposed group is higher than in non­ exposed group. Mean value of chromium in 15 nail samples of exposed group is 35.61 mg/kg with standard deviation of 28.941. The data distribution is normal because of p-value is <0.05 for normality test whereas mean value of chromium in 15 nail samples of non­ exposed group is 4.55 mg/kg with standard deviation of 1.972. There is significant difference of chromium concentration in nails between exposed and non-exposed group p-value is 0.000. Chromium concentration in nails between ex.,Posed and non-exposed group was significantly different (p<0.05) by comparing mean using t-test.
Conclusion: It is concluded that Chromium is present in used crankcase oil and highest detection in nails of exposed group. Lacking in awareness and knowledge among the mechanics increasing the risk exposure to their health. Over years, this negligence may take their tolls as in the case of Extramammary Paget Disease has proven for continuous exposure to used crankcase oil.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email
Mahussin, Siti Noraiza
2010620924
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Advisor
Masngut, Mohd Izwan
UNSPECIFIED
Advisor
Ishak, Ahmad Razali
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances, water supply
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Personal health and hygiene. Including clothing, bathing, exercise, travel, nutrition, sleep, sex hygiene
T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy > Metallurgy
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemicals
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Item ID: 45686
Uncontrolled Keywords: Crankcase oil, Chromium (Cr), Extramammary Paget Disease, mechanics, biomonitoring
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/45686

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  • Bilik Koleksi Harta Intelek, Unit Terbitan Bersiri & Elektronik, PTAR Puncak Alam
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