Thermal comfort assessment in elderly care center and its health effect / Umi Atiqah Omar

Omar, Umi Atiqah (2018) Thermal comfort assessment in elderly care center and its health effect / Umi Atiqah Omar. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Thermal comfort is known as comfort of human in the environment and subjective matter to measure. There are two type of thermal factors that contributed to the thermal comfort in environment and building, which are personal factors and environmental factors. The personal factors included metabolic rate (the human activities level) and clothing insulations. The environmental factors have parameters which are air temperature, radiant temperature, relative humidity, and humidity of air. Indoor thermal measurements and questionnaire on thermal comfort in the buildings was conducted in the elderly care centre (ECC). American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air- Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) Standard 55 was used as a guideline to assess the thermal comfort in this study. The result indicates that the indoor thermal quality was not complied with the standard. The Thermal Sensation Vote (TSV) shows that occupants in ECC B facing thermal discomfort compared to the ECC A. The measurement for indoor thermal in the building showed that ECC A and B not comply with ASHRAE 55. This can be due to the building characteristic which defer between ECC A and ECC B. The clothing insulation for both ECCs showed that female prefer more clothes compare to man which female has higher mean for clothing insulations. Furthermore, occupants in both ECCs showed the health symptoms illness related to the thermal discomfort during staying in the ECC. This research should contribute to the baseline of thermal comforts and related to health effects in the buildings to provide thermal comfort when live in the building especially to susceptible groups.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Omar, Umi Atiqah
Email / ID Num.
Shafie, Farah Ayuni
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics > Heat
Q Science > QC Physics > Heat > Temperature
Q Science > QC Physics > Heat > Transmission. Heat transfer
T Technology > TH Building construction > Heating and ventilation. Air conditioning
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: hermal comfort, air temperature, relative humidity, ventilation, elderly care centre
Date: 2018
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