Determination of heavy metals concentration in maize cobs (zea maysl) and soils and their potential health risk to human / Nurul Aqilah Ahmad Termizi

Ahmad Termizi, Nurul Aqilah (2018) Determination of heavy metals concentration in maize cobs (zea maysl) and soils and their potential health risk to human / Nurul Aqilah Ahmad Termizi. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Increasing usage of hazardous chemicals in the agricultural activities was because of high demand to improve the quality and increase the quantity of crop yields. If the preventive measures are not taken, these hazardous substances have potential to be released into enviroment and will enter the plants’s life cycle. The aim of this study being conducted was to determine the heavy metal (Pb, Cu, Zn, Fe, Cr and Cd) concentrations in maize cobs (Zea Mays L) and soils. The maize farm is located at Kompleks Pertanian Titi Gantung, Perak. A number of 30 samples maize cobs and five soil samples had been collected from five selected locations at the farm. Extraction of the heavy metals from the sample were done using dryashing and acid digestion method. Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) was used to analyze all the elemental analyses. To study the potential health risk from the consumption maize cobs, the target hazard quotient (THQ) and hazard index (HI) was used. The result showed that among the metal studied, the mean concentrations of Pb in maize cobs were exceed the maximum permissible limits based on Malaysia Food Regulations and WHO standard regulation .The analysis of Cr and Cd shows no detection of Cr and Cd in maize cobs. Fe, Zn, Cu showed mean concentration of 18.884 mg/kg, 7.452mg/kg and 6.893 mg/kg respectively which were within the permissible limit set by both standard. For the soil samples, the mean concentration of heavy metals were comply to the standard. The study of (Health Index) HI shows that the HI values for maize cobs at Location 1 Location 2, Location 3, Location 4 and Location 5 are 0.87, 1.29, 0.93, 1.29 and 1.05 respectively. This shows that the consumer may pose potential health risk through consumption of maize cobs.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Ahmad Termizi, Nurul Aqilah
Email / ID Num.
Abdul Rahman, Nasaruddin
Subjects: S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General)
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General) > Soils. Soil science. Including soil surveys, soil chemistry, soil structure, soil-plant relationships
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: Heavy Metals, Maize (Zea Mays L), Soils, Maximum permissible limits
Date: 2018
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