Retrospective study on temporal pattern of dengue vector population in rural area of Setiu Terengganu / Mohd Adhwa Mohd Ayob

Mohd Ayob, Mohd Adhwa (2018) Retrospective study on temporal pattern of dengue vector population in rural area of Setiu Terengganu / Mohd Adhwa Mohd Ayob. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA ( Kampus Puncak Alam ).


Introduction: Dengue fever disease in Malaysia is increasing every day. The death rate of dengue fever cases was also reported mainly rising in urban areas. There is also a dengue fever case reported in the rural area. Hence, relevant parties have taken various actions and controls to prevent dengue cases from occurring and continue to spread. The study is focus on determining the density of Aedes mosquito using ovitrap surveillance in rural area. Besides that, the positive ovitrap index (POI and the mean egg per trap (MET) in rural area will be determined. This study was conducted in rural area of Kampung Pak Kancil, Setiu, Terengganu. One unit of ovitrap will be placed inside and outside the 30 houses at random location. Continuous ovitrap surveillance was conducted weekly starting from January 2017 until December 2017. Objective: To assess the spatial and temporal pattern of Aedes mosquito using ovitrap surveilance in selected rural area in Setiu, Terengganu. Methodology: This study consists of four phases namely Phase 1, Phase 2, Phase 3 and Phase 4. In Phase 1, identification of the location is made. Phase 2 is ovitrap setting. In Phase 3, ovitrap collection. The calculation of the number of ovitrap was made to identify the recovered ovitrap. Next is Phase 4, data collection, analysis and interpretation. Data is collect based on the sample collection. Then, the data will be analysed. The data was analysed to know the density of the Aedes mosquito beside knowing the distribution and abundance of Aedes mosquito. Result: In total, 60 traps were installled and 2838 recovered, and 98.54 (%) traps showed the presence of Aedes eggs in indoors and outdoors. Of the total 1077 eggs, 589 (54.68%) were recovered from indoors and 488 (45.32%) were recovered from outdoors area. The immersion of all these eggs enabled the identification of both species namely Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus. Figure 4.1 describe the ovitrap index (OI) and the mean number larvae per ovitrap of dengue vectors obtained from 52 weeks of continuos surveillance in selected rural areas in Setiu, Terengganu. The result showed the distribution and abundance of Aedes population in rural area in Setiu with OI range of 5% to 45%. The mean number larvae per ovitrap of Aedes albopictus range from 18.88 to 27.00 while Aedes aegypti was not available in this study area.In general, the temporal distribution pattern of dengue vectors in rural area showed fluctuation patterns of ovitrap indices with a range of 545% indicating that the area have a high dengue vectors populations. (POI: y=0.123x + 15.233: MET: y = 0.0428x + 19.568). Conclusion: Based on the POI and MET result, the study area which is Kampung Pak Kancil, Setiu showed that this area is in high risk dengue case but still under controlled.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Email / ID Num.
Mohd Ayob, Mohd Adhwa
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Che Dom, Nazri
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HT Communities. Classes. Races > Rural groups. Rural sociology
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Communicable diseases and public health
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Infectious and parasitic diseases
S Agriculture > SF Animal culture
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: Ovitrap setting, rural area, distribution and abundance of Aedes population, positive ovitrap index (POI), mean eggs per trap (MET).
Date: July 2018
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