Polarization birefringence of silica waveguide in Photonic crystal fiber / Farah Shahida Ismail

Ismail, Farah Shahida (2013) Polarization birefringence of silica waveguide in Photonic crystal fiber / Farah Shahida Ismail. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


The demand for increased bandwidth in the next few years is expected to grow at an unprecedented rate. These optical systems will eventually provide the bandwidth that is in such demand. As in long-distance telephone cables, the signal must therefore be amplified and regenerated to continue on its way without losing information but the pulse signal would broaden and tend to overlap with each other. Therefore, the conventional silica optical waveguide devices such as polarization rotator or splitter are important components in optical network. Unfortunately, for low index contrast waveguide, its size would be in centimetre long. In order to realize a compact size, high index contrast waveguide like slotted silica structured is needed which is more compact than conventional ones. However, the mode is no longer in single mode but in multi-mode. In this project, the silica waveguide with photonic crystal glass air cladding is proposed. The silica waveguide is implemented in photonic crystal in the form of glass tubing to provide the mechanical support. Using FIMMWAVE software, the structure is designed and Waveguide Scanner is used to vary width and height until the optimum structure is obtained that gives high polarization birefringence. The final result of this silica waveguide is comparable to size of optical fiber when implemented in an array. The maximum polarization birefringence is obtained for a width of about 0.5um for silica in photonic crystal waveguide. Maximum birefringence is equal to 0.03823.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Ismail, Farah Shahida
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Mohd Yusoff, Mohd Hanapiah (Assoc. Prof. Dr)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Crystallography
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.)
Keywords: Photonic crystal fiber, Polarization, Silica waveguide
Date: 2013
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/45067
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