Enhancing continued professional development strategically : an outlook via adult learning theory / Fadilah Puteh and Maniam Kaliannan

Puteh, Fadilah and Kaliannan, Maniam (2016) Enhancing continued professional development strategically : an outlook via adult learning theory / Fadilah Puteh and Maniam Kaliannan. Journal of Administrative Science, 13 (1). pp. 1-14. ISSN 1675-1302


Professional development (PD) among organizational talents is a critical element in today’s business environment. In view of PD, both organizations and their professional members are required to learn continuously, thus Continued Professional Development (CPD) activities in organizations are gaining prominence. Formal, non-formal and informal learning constitute CPD learning dimensions. Given that professionals are experienced individuals, their learning needs and situations differ from conventional learners. Adult learners are found to be highly motivated, self-directed and very aware of their personal strengths, tend to choose knowledge that is meaningful to them and relate that with their experiences. The theory of adult learning (ALT) suggests that adult learners or working persons have certain characteristics that differentiate them from conventional learners. However, several studies revealed that learning activities to cater for PD are inconsistent with adult learning principles. The adult learners are mostly treated no different than the conventional learners; hence knowledge transfer did not reach its optimal expectations. On that note, this article discusses CPD activities from adult learning perspective gathered from extensive literatures. The objectives of this paper are threefold. First, this paper explains the importance of CPD from the adult learning standpoint. Second, this paper analyses the extent of CPD activities in fulfilling adult learning principles. Lastly, this paper proposes a feasible strategic CPD framework for future research.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Puteh, Fadilah
Kaliannan, Maniam
Subjects: H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > Study and teaching. Research
H Social Sciences > H Social Sciences (General) > Research
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Administrative Science and Policy Studies
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Administrative Science
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Administrative Science (JAS)
ISSN: 1675-1302
Volume: 13
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 1-14
Keywords: Human Resource Development; Continued Professional Development; Formal Learning; Non-Formal Learning; Informal Learning; Adult Learning Theory
Date: June 2016
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/44808
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