Seroprevalence of leptospirosis infection among wild rat at Ampang: a case study / Mohd Faridz Mokhtar

Mokhtar, Mohd Faridz (2015) Seroprevalence of leptospirosis infection among wild rat at Ampang: a case study / Mohd Faridz Mokhtar. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Leptospirosis is one of a zoonotic disease that caused by infection of the spirochaetes species from pathogenic leptospira genus strain of Leptospira interrogans. This disease is highly contagious and causing high morbidity and mortality rate in worldwide affecting both human and animal. The sources of infection are varied but it was well known that rodent species is the main source of leptospirosis transmitted to the humans. A cross­ sectional study is done to identify the prevalence of leptospirosis among wild rodent population at the Ampang area. The rationale of this study is to assess the prevalence of pathogenic leptospira sp. among the population of wild rat and identify any existence of maintenance host of leptospirosis among wild rat in the Ampang area thus help in establishment of data regarding on percentage of leptospirosis carrier in wild rat at Ampang area. Simple random sampling is done to obtain the live sample of wild rat for purpose of analysis the seroprevalence of leptospiral infection. Total forty rats had been caught during the period of the study and five species are found being caught comprises of Rattus rattus species (n=5/40, 12.5%) while majority of thirty five are found from Rattus Norvegicus species (n=35/40, 87.5%). From total of rats trapped, one of the samples (2.5%) is detected to be serum positive for antibodies by using Micro Agglutination Test (MAT) technique against serovar L. Icterohaemorrhagia (n=l/40) . The result is considered the reactive infection found in rat population due to interpretation of the serum positive against L. icterohaemorrhagiae of titre 1: 160 onwards ( �: 160). The serovar L. icterohaemorrhagiae found to have the high titer onward ( �: 160) and was presumed to be the infectious one which have potential to trigger the outbreak of leptospirosis by spreading it to other mammal including human itself by either direct or indirect transmission Based from findings of the study, Ampang area is considered to be exposed to the risk of leptospirosis outbreak due to the detection of active leptospira found among the rodent population in the area. Although the prevalence of leptospira is low (n=l/40, 2.5 %,), the probability of leptospijosis outbreak is still exist and effective measures should be done to outcome the potential risk. It is recommended that a rodent control program should be started by relevant authority to minimize the risk of leptospirosis infection that might happen as a preventive measure to minimize the risk of leptospirosis outbreak in the population.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Mokhtar, Mohd Faridz
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Md Tahir, Pozi
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances, water supply
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Transmission of disease
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Communicable diseases and public health
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: Leptospira interrogans, Leptospirosis, rodent, Ampang
Date: 2015
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