Assessment of heavy metal uptake by cosmos caudatus cultivated on sewage sludge / Jafre Nordin

Nordin, Jafre (2013) Assessment of heavy metal uptake by cosmos caudatus cultivated on sewage sludge / Jafre Nordin. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Vegetables are important to our body as it contain lots of essential nutrients. Nevertheless, vegetables may contain both essential and toxic elements at a wide range of concentrations. These toxic elements namely heavy metals if ingested at unsafe concentration may lead to chronic and acute health effects. The general objective of this study is to assess heavy metals uptake by cosmos caudatus cultivated on sewage sludge. While the specific objective is to assess the heavy metals (lead, cadmium and chromium) in sewage sludge, to compare the heavy metals concentration in Cosmos Caudatus grown on sludge and top soil, and to estimate potential health risk of consumption of Cosmos Caudatus. This study designed for comparative cross-sectional study and data were collected from the sludge analysis and cosmos caudatus grown on it. The sample is analyzed using Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) to identify the heavy metals content. Besides, Microsoft Office Excel 2007 and statistical Package Social Science (SPSS) were used as a tool to interpret the data from the AAS readings. The result of the sludge and soil analysis represent the composition of the heavy metal content such as lead (Pb), Chromium (Cr) and Cadmium (Cd).The mean concentration of the heavy metals were from sludge sample is lead (Pb=0.031 mg/g), Chromium (Cr=0.023 mg/g), and Cadmium (Cd=0.001 mg/g), while the concentration in top soil is, Lead (Pb=0.006 mg/g), Chromium (Cr= 0.010 mg/g) and Cadmium (Cd=-0.001 mg/g). Through this analysis the concentration level of heavy metals in sludge is higher than in top soil. Next, the analysis of heavy metals uptake by Cosmos Caudatus cultivated on sludge represent the result
as follow, Lead (Pb= 0.0250mg/g), Cadmium (Cd=0.0004 mg/g) and Chromium (Cr=0.0185 mg/g) while cultivated in the top soil are lead (Pb=0.0143 mg/g), Cadmium (Cd=-0.0015 mg/g) and Chromium (Cr=0.0093 mg/g). There is a significant difference (P<0.05) between grown on sludge and top soil where the concentration of heavy metals from Cosmos Caudatus cultivated in sludge is higher than in top soil. In addition, there is a significant difference between mean concentration of sludge and top soil with the Cosmos Caudatus grown on them. The health risk assessment found that both grown on sludge and top soil estimated to male group and female is considered safe to be consuming according to the hazard index which is less than one (1 ).

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email
Nordin, Jafre
2010260062
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ishak, Ahmad Razali
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine > Environmental health. Including sewage disposal, air pollution, nuisances, water supply
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Environmental pollution
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Sewage collection and disposal systems. Sewerage
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Item ID: 44139
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sewage sludge, Heavy metals, Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS), and Health Risk Assessment
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/44139

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