Generalized anxiety disorder among people living with HIV receiving highly active antiretoviral therapy / Nor Hidayah Jaris and Salmi Razali

Jaris, Nor Hidayah and Razali, Salmi (2021) Generalized anxiety disorder among people living with HIV receiving highly active antiretoviral therapy / Nor Hidayah Jaris and Salmi Razali. In: Proceedings of International Conference on Language, Education, Humanities &Social Sciences (i-LEdHS2021), 22 February 2021, secretariat@i-ledhs2021.apbuitmck.com.

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Abstract

Generalized anxiety disorder is the most prevalent anxiety disorder that may worsen psychological
well-being and physical conditions of people living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (PLHIV). There is
sparse knowledge on factors contributing to this mental illness for preventive measures and evidence-based
interventions. The study aimed to determine the prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder or GAD and its
contributing factors among PLHIV receiving Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART). This was a crosssectional study of 210 PLHIV who sought treatment at the Infectious Disease Clinic in one of the public hospitals
in Malaysia. Patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria and consented were assessed for socio-demographic
characteristics and clinical factors using Pro Forma questionnaires and face-to-face interviews, supplemented with
data from medical records. Visual analogue scale, Hospital Anxiety Depression Scale and Multidimensional Scale
of Perceived Social Support were used to determine adherence to treatment, level of anxiety and level of support
system, respectively. Mini International Neuropsychiatric Interview was used to diagnose GAD. 28 (13%)
participants had GAD. After controlling for confounders, multivariate analysis indicated that illicit substance used
in the past (AOR=4.17; p=0.003; 95% CI=1.56-9.44) and a low and moderate level of social support from
significant others (AOR=3.73; p=0.002; 95% CI=1.66-10.04) were the significant contributing factors to GAD
among PLHIV. In conclusion, low level support systems and illicit substance use were profound contributing
factors for GAD among PLHIV. Hence, addressing these two factors, in addition to conventional HAART
treatment, is crucial to ensure optimum care of this group of patients.

Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Creators:
Creators
Email
Jaris, Nor Hidayah
norhidayahjaris@gmail.com
Razali, Salmi
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General) > Medicine and disease in relation to psychology. Terminal care. Dying
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > AIDS. HIV infections
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Health behavior and habits
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Kelantan > Machang Campus
Event Title: Proceedings of International Conference on Language, Education, Humanities &Social Sciences (i-LEdHS2021)
Event Dates: 22 February 2021
Page Range: pp. 15-23
Item ID: 44124
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anxiety, HIV, substance use, support system
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/44124

ID Number

44124

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