Prevalence of occupational diseases among small and medium industry workers in Malaysia: A systematic review / Muhammad Zubir Yusof … [et al.]

Yusof, Muhammad Zubir and Nik Mahmod, Nik Ahmad Kamal and A. Rahman, Nor Azlina and Razali, Ailin and Samsuddin, Niza and Nik Mohamed, Nik Mohamed Nizan and Syed Jamaludin, Muhammad Shaqif and Mohd Roze, Amalina and Abdullah Hair, Ahmad Fitri (2019) Prevalence of occupational diseases among small and medium industry workers in Malaysia: A systematic review / Muhammad Zubir Yusof … [et al.]. Journal of Clinical and Health Sciences, 4 (2). pp. 4-30. ISSN 0127-984X


Occupational diseases are one of the major health problems related to workplace hazards. However, the epidemiological data for this problem is scarce especially among Small and Medium Industry (SMI) workers. These workers are vulnerable to occupational health problem
due to lack of knowledge and implementation of health and safety in the workplace. In Malaysia, most of the SMI workers have limited coverage for basic occupational health services which may worsen their health. Thus, this article aims to provide a review on the burden of
occupational health problems among them. The electronic and library searches were used to extract the information from both published and unpublished articles that were not limited to any year of publication until 2017. One hundred and ninety-six published articles and 198
unpublished articles were retrieved from the database. Only 19 published articles and 25 unpublished articles met the eligibility criteria. Prevalence data of occupational
diseases/poisoning, including overall and body specific (musculoskeletal disorders) was extracted in raw data from the eligible studies. Prevalent statistics on occupational
musculoskeletal diseases (1.3% - 97.6%), noise-induced hearing loss (29.4% - 73.3%), occupational skin diseases (10.5% - 84.3%), respiratory (1.9% - 92.2%) and occupational poisoning (14.9% - 17.7%) among the working population is different within published papers
compared to unpublished ones. In Malaysia, there are no specific statistic that give a true picture of the burden of occupational diseases in the SMI. However, this review concludes that musculoskeletal diseases are significant occupational problems among SMI workers.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Yusof, Muhammad Zubir
Nik Mahmod, Nik Ahmad Kamal
A. Rahman, Nor Azlina
Razali, Ailin
Samsuddin, Niza
Nik Mohamed, Nik Mohamed Nizan
Syed Jamaludin, Muhammad Shaqif
Mohd Roze, Amalina
Abdullah Hair, Ahmad Fitri
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Special situations and conditions
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Medicine
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Clinical and Health Sciences
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Clinical and Health Sciences (JCHS)
ISSN: 0127-984X
Volume: 4
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 4-30
Keywords: Prevalence, Occupational diseases, Health and safety, Small and medium industry, Review
Date: 31 December 2019
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