Antibacterial activity of Premna cordifolia stem against selected pathogenic bacteria / Muhammad Khairuzzaman Amirin Abdul Razak

Abdul Razak, Muhammad Khairuzzaman Amirin (2019) Antibacterial activity of Premna cordifolia stem against selected pathogenic bacteria / Muhammad Khairuzzaman Amirin Abdul Razak. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

"Buas-buas" or Premna cordifolia plant is a shrub and herbal plant that was either consumed or commonly used as ornamental plant. The plant also traditionally believed to possess antimicrobial properties and also believed to have the ability to improve an individual health such as smoothening intestinal process, prevent osteoporosis and anemia, reducing headache and boosting body stamina. The presence of secondary metabolites such as flavonoid and alkaloid that was known to have antibacterial properties strengthen those believes. However, lack of scientific studies about the plant especially in Malaysia causing problem to justify it. Therefore, the sole purpose of this research project is to determine the antibacterial activities for the extract of Premna cordifolia stem against selected pathogenic bacteria which are Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and Salmonella typhi at several different concentration. The methods used for extraction was cold maceration and the methods used to determine the antibacterial activity was disk-diffusion method. Through these method, the result obtained showed that the most effective antimicrobial activity from Premna cordifolia stem extract was on Escherichia coli followed by Staphylococcus aureus. However, for Bacillus subtilis and Salmonella typhi the extract were not able to inhibit the growth of these two bacteria for a specified reason. The best · concentration for antimicrobial activity of the extract was on Escherichia coli at 350 mg/ml. It can be concluded that Premna cordifolia stem extract definitely have antimicrobial properties and the abundance of the plant species all over Asia can be fully utilized and improve as an alternative source of antibacterial medicine and antiviral cure for future research.

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Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
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Abdul Razak, Muhammad Khairuzzaman Amirin
UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
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Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Mohd Zan, Mohd Syahril
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General) > Study and teaching > Laboratories. General works
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Q Science > QR Microbiology > Bacteria
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Biology
Item ID: 44061
Uncontrolled Keywords: Antibacterial activity, Premna cordifolia stem, pathogenic bacteria
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/44061

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