Screening of rice varieties (Oryza sativa) for drought tolerence using Polyethylene Glycol (PEG 800) / Syazwan Sujiman

Sujiman, Syazwan (2019) Screening of rice varieties (Oryza sativa) for drought tolerence using Polyethylene Glycol (PEG 800) / Syazwan Sujiman. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Water is important in agricultural field because it is used to grow fresh product. Drought stress severely impairs rice production and yield stability of crops. With diminishing water supplies for agriculture worldwide, the needs to improve drought adaptation ofrice and to screen resistant varieties are becoming increasingly important. Therefore the aim of the present study was to screen and identify modem rice genotypes under drought stress by using polyethylene glycol (PEG) and to detennine the optimum (PEG) concentration to induce plant-water deficit stress in an aerated hydroponic system. A total of seventeen genotypes ofr ice varieties were used in an experiment to detennine their tolerance and susceptible levels against drought stress. Two different concentrations of PEG 8000 viz., 5% and 10% were used along with control. The experiment was designed in a complete randomized design with three replications. During gennination test, result showed out that of 17, only 5 rice genotypes (Towuti, NMR 151, NMR 152, Bina-10 and FR13A) demonstrated above 80% survival rate gennination. Based on Standard Evaluation System (SES), 5 (2 as check variety and 3 as variety of study) genotypes were selected primarily. Increasing in water stress level showed a decreasing in shoot length and dry weigl1t in all rice genotypes tested. Among the 3 genotypes, FRI 3A showed the lowest drought score. The maximum shoot length was observed in the controlled condition (23.54 ±0.32 cm) by FR13A. As for the dry weight, the lowest dry weight in gram were recorded by NMR 152 with 0.015 ±0.003 g at 10% PEG and the highest is FR13A with 0.040 ±0.012 g at control. The highest relative seedling height (99.06%) by NMR 152 was recorded at 5%. At 10% PEG, the highest relative dry weigl1t was found in NMR 152 at 5% PEG with 91.19% as the lowest (59.46%) was found in NMR 151 at 10%. Result in this study indicate that 10% of PEG is not enougl1 to induce the optimum drought stress. Based on overall results, FR13A showed a better tolerance against drought compared to NMR l5 1 and NMRl 52. This genotype may be used as positive or tolerant controls in future studies. Finding in this study would also be a significant endeavor to researchers in the future to develop new rice variety either through mutation or cross breeding to increase the number of good rice varieties against drought.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email
Sujiman, Syazwan
UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Hasan, Dr. Nor' Aishah
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General) > Study and teaching > Laboratories. General works
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Seeds. Seed technology
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Seeds. Seed technology > Seed growing. Seed farms
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Biology
Item ID: 44050
Uncontrolled Keywords: Screening, rice varieties, Oryza sativa, drought tolerence, Polyethylene Glycol, PEG 800
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/44050

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