Arab Spring : the incomplete revolution / Mahdi Salih Hammoodi Al Sammarraie

Hammoodi Al Sammarraie, Mahdi Salih (2012) Arab Spring : the incomplete revolution / Mahdi Salih Hammoodi Al Sammarraie. Journal of Administrative Science, 9 (2). pp. 1-24. ISSN 1675-1302


Theoretical bases of democracy exist in the constitutions and laws of many Arab states. Human Rights, public liberties, freedoms of assembly or forming political parties, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and trade unions, are usually mentioned in the texts. But, the application is far away from democracy. The absence of democracy is only one face of the complex crisis in Arab countries. In fact, the entire system is outdated. It needs to
be changed or at least reformed to harmonize the cadence of development in the world. Worried about their future and the destiny of their people, Arab youths have revolted in many countries simultaneously. Changing to democratic and developed society is their main shared objective. The
common name used to describe this revolt is “Arab Spring”. This article tries to explain the reasons and motivations of this new phenomenon. It will look at the achievements of the revolutions that took place and examine their internal, regional and international implications.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Hammoodi Al Sammarraie, Mahdi Salih
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
H Social Sciences > HM Sociology > Culture
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Administrative Science and Policy Studies
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Administrative Science
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Administrative Science (JAS)
ISSN: 1675-1302
Volume: 9
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 1-24
Keywords: Arab Spring; revolution; democracy; dictatorship; absolutism
Date: December 2012
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