Effectiveness of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) leaves extract as an alternative insecticide towards fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) / Mirrah 'Afifah Nazri

Nazri, Mirrah 'Afifah (2019) Effectiveness of water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) leaves extract as an alternative insecticide towards fire ants (Solenopsis invicta) / Mirrah 'Afifah Nazri. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

Insects are animals that are crucial components of almost all lands and fresh water ecosystems. In order to kill or repel the insects, especially for farmers and households, they will use insecticides that usually are synthetic or commercialized insecticide. Insecticides are chemical or biological origins that are used to control the insects that can damage plant and animal products in a variety of agricultural, silvicultural and domestic activities. In this study, water hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes) plant was used to determine their effectiveness and potential as an alternative insecticide towards ants (Solenopsis invicta) and to identify the effectiveness of the water hyacinth leaves extraction with different concentrations. The sample was extracted by using maceration technique with distilled water as it solvent. The leaves extract was divided into three different concentrations such as 10%, 30% and 50%. The extract samples were tested against the ants by sprayed them with 1 mL of extract concentration. Based on the result obtained, 50% of water hyacinth leaves extract concentration was the best concentration as it caused the higher mo1tality rate of ants. There were also shown significant differences among different concentration of water hyacinth leaves extract which was p = 0.004 in causing mortality to the ants after treatment application. As conclusion, the results obtained from the study indicated that water hyacinth leaves have insecticidal property and hence can be used in the control of ants. This study can contribute to the new plant sources for making a new plant-based material insecticide.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Nazri, Mirrah 'Afifah
UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
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Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Mohd Shariff, Syazuani
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General) > Study and teaching > Laboratories. General works
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Extraction (Chemistry)
Q Science > QH Natural history - Biology > Life > Growth
Q Science > QL Zoology > Invertebrates > Arthropoda > Insects
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Biology
Keywords: Effectiveness, water hyacinth, Eichhornia crassipes, leaves, alternative insecticide, fire ants, Solenopsis invicta
Date: 2019
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/43691
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