A case study of CPTED principles in relation to bullying behaviour in secondary school / Azna Abdul Wahab , Siti Rasidah Md Sakip and Halmi Zainol

Abdul Wahab, Azna and Md Sakip, Siti Rasidah and Zainol, Halmi (2018) A case study of CPTED principles in relation to bullying behaviour in secondary school / Azna Abdul Wahab , Siti Rasidah Md Sakip and Halmi Zainol. In: 3rd International Conference on Rebuilding Place (ICRP2018), 13-14 September 2018, Impiana Hotel, Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia.

Abstract

This paper presents a case study examining the potential influences of building design on bullying behavior and experiences, in comparison of Malaysia secondary school students. Theories of environmental psychology suggest that environmental context influences social attitudes and behaviour. The research focuses on the relationship between the physical environment of urban schools and the students‘ negative behavior of two secondary schools in Selangor, Malaysia. Through discussion of the findings from previous studies, the gaps in criminology knowledge on bully-design link will be highlighted. The features of physical environment such as broken fixtures, display of student artwork and signboard and physical decay can affect the occurrence and behaviour of criminals. An observation was conducted at two secondary schools in Selangor with a random sample of 200 students from Form 1, Form 2 and Form 3 involving the observation of 17 school blocks. Three principles of Crime CPTED were analyzed in the school environment. The results indicated that there is a significant difference in territoriality and school maintenance which results in the forming of the negative environment in the schools. It was found that this, in turn, affects the frequency of bullying occurring among the students in school. The design and planning of the school‘s external environment should give more consideration on creating conducive learning environment that could foster positive social behavior especially for urban schools. School environment is important to the child‘s development.

Metadata

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Creators:
CreatorsEmail / ID. Num
Abdul Wahab, Aznaazna.abdulwahab@yahoo.com
Md Sakip, Siti RasidahUNSPECIFIED
Zainol, HalmiUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Educational psychology > Group behavior
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Educational psychology > Ethics
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Primary Education
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Primary Education > Malaysia
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Schools
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Schools > Malaysia
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perak > Seri Iskandar Campus
Event Title: 3rd International Conference on Rebuilding Place (ICRP2018)
Event Dates: 13-14 September 2018
Page Range: pp. 1-11
Official URL: https://icrp2018.wixsite.com/icrp18
Item ID: 43614
Uncontrolled Keywords: School, Bullying, CPTED, Physical Environment
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/43614

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