Malaysian tax policy and corporate tax burdens : an industry analysis / Rohaya Md Noor, Nor’Azam Mastuki and Barjoyai Bardai

Md Noor, Rohaya and Mastuki, Nor’Azam and Bardai, Barjoyai (2009) Malaysian tax policy and corporate tax burdens : an industry analysis / Rohaya Md Noor, Nor’Azam Mastuki and Barjoyai Bardai. Journal of Administrative Science, 6 (1). pp. 30-50. ISSN 1675-1302

Abstract

This study examines corporate income tax burdens, specifically known as corporate effective tax rates (ETRs) of Malaysian listed companies during the new tax regime. The Malaysian tax system had undertaken a major tax reform whereby corporate taxpayers are subject to the current year assessment and self assessment system, effective from the year 2000 and 2001 respectively. Thus, the goal of this study is to compare the tax rate effectively experienced by each company within and across the sectors, with the corporate statutory tax rate (STR) or official tax rate (OTR) for the financial years from 2000 to 2004. Corporate ETRs take into consideration the tax reductions that resulted from special tax provisions, such as, changes in tax laws and tax incentives which cause corporate ETRs to diverge from the STR. Using a micro-backward looking approach from a sample of 3432 firm-years of Malaysian public listed companies from ten sectors, the study found variability of corporate ETRs between companies in the same sector and also across sectors. The statistical results provided evidence that the average ETR for all sectors fall below the STR of 28%. The study found that companies from hotel sector experienced lowest ETRs with an average ETR of 9%. Meanwhile, companies from construction sector experienced highest ETRs with an average ETR of 26%. The divergence of corporate ETRs from the STR ranged from 2% to 19% during the period 2000 to 2004. The difference between corporate ETRs and the STR provides evidence on the pervasiveness of tax incentives provided by the government to certain selected activities or industries. Hence, the variability of corporate ETRs implied that the equity and neutrality principles of the present tax system are being challenged.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail / ID. Num
Md Noor, Rohayarohay725@salam.uitm.edu.my
Mastuki, Nor’Azamnoraz562@salam.uitm.edu.my
Bardai, Barjoyaidrbarjoyai@gmail.com
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance > Tax collection. Taxpayer compliance
H Social Sciences > HJ Public Finance > Tax collection. Taxpayer compliance > Malaysia
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Administrative Science and Policy Studies
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Administrative Science
Journal: UiTM Journal > Journal of Administrative Science (JAS)
ISSN: 1675-1302
Volume: 6
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 30-50
Item ID: 43475
Uncontrolled Keywords: effective tax rates; statutory tax rate; new tax regime; tax incentives; Malaysian public listed companies
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/43475

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