Detection on the presence of gelatin from threadfin (Eleutheronema sp.) and torpedo scad (Megalaspis sp.) skin / Nurnatasah Roslan

Roslan, Nurnatasah (2019) Detection on the presence of gelatin from threadfin (Eleutheronema sp.) and torpedo scad (Megalaspis sp.) skin / Nurnatasah Roslan. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

The increase extraction of gelatin from marine sources is due to the raise in bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) cases and bird flu (avian influenza) threats, as well as for religious and social reasons. In this study, gelatin was extracted from the skin of Eleutheronema sp. (Senangin) and Megalaspis sp. (Cencaru) and detection on the presence of gelatin component from the fish skin was through hydrolysation test/gelatinase test, Biuret test and UV absorption spectra analysis. The gelatin from fresh "senangin" and "cencaru" skins have been successfully extracted by acid and alkaline treatment and also hot water extraction method. The extracted materials were further confirmed by gelatinase or hydrolysis test and UV absorption spectra analysis. The gelatin of both fish had the highest absorbance between the wavelength of 210-230nm, which indicated the presence of high non-aromatic amino acids. The hydrolysis test conducted using gelatin broth media showed positive results for both "cencaru" and "senangin" as liquefaction of the broth were observed. Contrastly, the hydrolysis test using gelatin agar showed negative results as no clear zones were observed due to several reasons such as unsuitable temparature for incubation, insensitive agar plate method and the effect of additional mercuric chloride. Also, positive results were shown on both gelatin sources after being tested with Biuret assay as the colour of the reagent changed from blue to purple. Hence, the methods described were useful in analysing and detecting the presence of the extracted · gelatin in the skin of "cencaru" and "senangin". However, the duration during freeze drying method need to be lengthen to produce high quality of fish gelatin with small amount of water content.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Roslan, Nurnatasah
UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Azmir, Dr. Izzati Adilah
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General) > Study and teaching > Laboratories. General works
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Extraction (Chemistry)
S Agriculture > SH Aquaculture. Fisheries. Angling > Fisheries
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Biology
Keywords: Detection, presence, gelatin, threadfin (Eleutheronema sp.), torpedo scad (Megalaspis sp.) skin
Date: 2019
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/43196
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