Preparation of cellulose nanofibers paper from oil empty fruit bunch / Mohd Nurikhmal Othman

Othman, Mohd Nurikhmal (2019) Preparation of cellulose nanofibers paper from oil empty fruit bunch / Mohd Nurikhmal Othman. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

In this study, cellulose nanofiber (CNF) was isolated from oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) using chemo-mechanical process Then the CNF was used to produce paper and compare with cellulose paper. CNF was characterized using Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) and Atomic Force Miccroscopy (AFM). Infrared analysis show complete removal of lignin and hemicellulose due to the absence of peak around 1200 cm-1 and 1700 cm-1 respectively. The morphology of the CNF was evaluated using AFM. AFM analysis showed the morphology of the CNF, in term of size and diameter were nanosized. Furthermore, the papers produced were been tested in term of optical, structural and mechanical properties using paper testing machines. Paper from CNF show the superior results of mechanical strength properties compared with bleached cellulose.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Othman, Mohd Nurikhmal
UNSPECIFIED
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Mohamed, Ahmad Husaini
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General) > Study and teaching > Laboratories. General works
Q Science > QD Chemistry
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Chemistry
Keywords: Preparation, cellulose nanofibers paper, oil empty fruit bunch
Date: 2019
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/42683
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