The effect of partially fix in least square / Mohamad Amirul Rozali

Rozali, Mohamad Amirul (2021) The effect of partially fix in least square / Mohamad Amirul Rozali. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


The Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia (DSMM) having an issues regarding adjustment especially related to least square adjustment (LSA). The way of adjusting the data using LSA are still can be improved by DSMM. Hence, the aim of this research is to study is to investigate the impact of partially fix in cadastral adjustment. To achieve this aim, the objectives of this study identify the impact weight to the observation precision and to investigate the impact of partially fix to the adjusted coordinate. Thus, most suitable adjustment method is obtained according to the results of the application.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Rozali, Mohamad Amirul
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > Geographic information systems > Geospatial data
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GA Mathematical geography. Cartography > Cartography > Map drawing, modeling, printing, reading, etc
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis > Arau Campus > Faculty of Architecture, Planning and Surveying
Programme: Science and Geomatics
Keywords: Partially Fix ; Least Square ; Impact Weight ; Observation Precision
Date: 23 February 2021
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 42316.pdf] Text

Download (259kB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details