Determination of heavy metals in shrimp paste and it's potential health risk / Nur Khairiyah Kassim

Kassim, Nur Khairiyah (2018) Determination of heavy metals in shrimp paste and it's potential health risk / Nur Khairiyah Kassim. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA ( Kampus Puncak Alam ).


The process of industries and agriculture has led to the increased of pollutants emission such as heavy metals into the water bodies and will resulting in the contamination of water. The contamination of sea water at Tanjung Kling and Bintulu with the heavy metals will affect the ecosystems in the sea and thus effect the human through the consumption of processed shrimp that comes from the polluted water. This research was aimed to determine the concentration of Lead, Pb; Cadmium, Cd; and Copper, Cu in shrimp paste which then was compared the level concentration of Pb, Cd, and Cu between shrimp paste from Tanjung Kling, Melaka and Bintulu, Sarawak and thus determine its potential health risk to human on consuming contaminated shrimp paste. The Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS; AA800) Perkin Elmer was used to analyse the heavy metals content in the digested shrimp paste. The mean concentration for copper, lead and cadmium in Tanjung Kling shrimp paste is 21.9, 29.6 and 1.4 mg/kg respectively while 9.4, 23.9 and 0.9 mg/kg respectively for shrimp paste at Bintulu. Target Hazard Quotient (THQ) and Hazard Index (HI) was used for the health risk assessment to define the carcinogenicity of the sample. The result shows the THQ and HI for lead, copper and cadmium are more than 1 which signified that a daily exposure at this level is likely to cause any adverse effects.


Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
Email / ID Num.
Kassim, Nur Khairiyah
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ismail, Rodziah
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history - Biology > Ecology > Influence of special factors in the environment
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > Toxicology. Poisons
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Health Sciences
Programme: Bachelor in Environmental Health and Safety
Keywords: Health risk assessment, polluted water, pollutants emissions
Date: 2018
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 42265.pdf] Text

Download (367kB)

Digital Copy

Digital (fulltext) is available at:

Physical Copy

Physical status and holdings:
Item Status:

ID Number




Statistic details