Factors that affecting unemployment rate in Malaysia / Nur Fatinah Nipah

Nipah, Nur Fatinah (2019) Factors that affecting unemployment rate in Malaysia / Nur Fatinah Nipah. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


An economist often believes that by having higher unemployment rate will lead to the
economic instability for countries. This study will determine factors that effecting
unemployment rate in Malaysia by studying from year 1988 to 2018 which is for 31 years.
Data are obtained from World Bank Data. Time series data were used to defines the effect of
that increase unemployment rate in Malaysia. It involves some factors which is Gross Domestic
Product (GDP) growth, labor force participation rate (LF), and Foreign Direct Investment
(FDI) in this study. Based on the results from the test that is conducted in this study, GDP
growth has a negative relationship on the unemployment rate. Meanwhile, the labor force
participation rate (LF) and foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows has a positive relationship
with the unemployment rate.
Thus, some recommendations are suggested to government is increase job opportunity
especially for fresh graduates and improve the 1Malaysia Training Schemes (SLIM). In
addition, government should command the joint venture policy. Other recommendation,
government need to providing open interview because we are towards the industry 4.0,
collaboration between government and private sectors firm to recruit worker, and lastly, doing
more career carnival every state of Malaysia. So that, people are more attracted to working. It
will reduce the unemployment rate in Malaysia.


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