An analysis of FDI: linkages and local firm’s capability (A case of manufacturing sector in Melaka) / Abdul Halim Mohd Noor, Rosfadzimi Mat Saad and Mohd Saladin Abd Rasool

Mohd Noor, Abdul Halim and Mat Saad, Rosfadzimi and Abd Rasool, Mohd Saladin (2004) An analysis of FDI: linkages and local firm’s capability (A case of manufacturing sector in Melaka) / Abdul Halim Mohd Noor, Rosfadzimi Mat Saad and Mohd Saladin Abd Rasool. [Research Reports] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

One key element for firms especially the small and medium enterprises (SMEs) to increase their competitiveness is the ability to form linkages with other firms either vertically or horizontally. This paper is based on a data set of forty foreign manufacturing firms operating in industrial estates in Malacca. The data provide statistical information such as firm's profile, production capability, nature of technology employed, and linkages developed. Linkages occur whenever any particular firms affect the amount and/or conditions of supply of, or demand for, other goods and services by another firm. It is commonly used to gauge the capability for firms to compete which is regarded as vital today with the advent of globalization and trade liberalization as domestic firms in industrializing countries face a daunting task in meeting head on with their global competitors.
This paper assesses the two main types of linkages, namely developmental linkages and dependent linkages which are used by economist to proxy the level of competitiveness and capability of firms. Specifically, this study would like to explore the developmental linkages which is essential in developing the basic platform of a long-term relationship between foreign multinationals with local suppliers. Using variables such as source of technology as a proxy to the level of linkages and independent variables such as exports value, research and development (R & D) expenditure, number of workers, years in operation and government incentives received, the study utilizes the simple regression analysis using ordinary least square (OLS) method to estimate the coefficients. This study found evidence that presence of foreign firms have a positive impact on local SMEs' performance. Increasing number of technical staff and increasing involvement of local partners and firms were among the significant variables employed to explain the reasons why firms source local components with higher technical requirements (as compared to local raw materials).

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Item Type: Research Reports
Creators:
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Mohd Noor, Abdul Halim
UNSPECIFIED
Mat Saad, Rosfadzimi
UNSPECIFIED
Abd Rasool, Mohd Saladin
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > Manufacturing industries
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > Investment, capital formation, speculation
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > Investment, capital formation, speculation > Foreign investments. Country risk
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Melaka > Alor Gajah Campus
Item ID: 41666
Uncontrolled Keywords: Linkages; Technical capability; Foreign Direct Investment (FDI); Small and Medium Enterprise (SME; Multinational Corporations (MNC)
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/41666

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