Optimization of Cu(ll) extraction from aqueous solutions using soybean oil-based organic solvent by response surface methodology / Chang Siu Hua and Teng Tjoon Tow

Chang, Siu Hua and Teng, Tjoon Tow (2012) Optimization of Cu(ll) extraction from aqueous solutions using soybean oil-based organic solvent by response surface methodology / Chang Siu Hua and Teng Tjoon Tow. [Research Reports] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Organic solvents are important liquids used to extract heavy metals from aqueous solutions in solvent extraction. A wide variety of organic solvents have been applied in this technique but most of them are petroleum-based (e.g. kerosene, hexane, toluene, chloroform, etc.) which are non-ecofriendly, non-renewable and expensive. Recently, vegetable oils have created a great deal of interest as greener replacement for the conventional organic solvents as alternative solvents in solvent extraction on account of their salient features such as non-volatility, non-flammability and biodegradability.
In our previous works, various vegetable oils like corn, canola, sunflower and soybean oils have been found to extract Cu(ll) effectively from aqueous solutions (Chang et al., 2010). In this work, optimization of factors (mixing time (t), extractant concentration, phase modifier concentration, inert salt concentration, organic to aqueous phase (0:A) ratio and equilibrium pH (pHeq)) affecting Cu(ll) extraction from aqueous solutions using a soybean oil-based organic solvent was conducted by a multivariate statistical technique, called Response Surface Methodology. The soybean oil-based organic solvent was composed of di-2-ethylhexylphosphoric acid (D2EHPA) (extractant) and tributylphosphate (TBP) (phase modifier) diluted in soybean oil (diluent). Factors that are influential to Cu(ll) extraction were first investigated in screening experiments based on a two fractional factorial design, followed by optimization of these factors in optimization experiments based on central composite design (CCD). A regression model correlating the response and factors was developed and its adequacy was examined. The optimum conditions for maximum Cu(ll) extraction were determined and the predicted and experimental percentage extraction obtained under the optimum conditions were compared

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Item Type: Research Reports
Creators:
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Chang, Siu Hua
UNSPECIFIED
Teng, Tjoon Tow
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering > Special processes and operations
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering > Special processes and operations > Extraction
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus
Item ID: 41413
Uncontrolled Keywords: Organic solvents, Organic To Aqueous Phase (0:A), Di-2-Ethylhexylphosphoric Acid (D2EHPA)
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/41413

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