Alumni series: functionalism, pharmacists and pharmacy / Siti Hajar Mahamad Dom and Zahirah Zaharuddin

Mahamad Dom, Siti Hajar and Zaharuddin, Zahirah (2023) Alumni series: functionalism, pharmacists and pharmacy / Siti Hajar Mahamad Dom and Zahirah Zaharuddin. Prescription (5): 9. pp. 1-2.


The functionalist theory views society as parts of a system that has specific functions. These parts work together to ensure that social order and stability are maintained.
The famous sociologists that contributed to the functionalist theory include Herbet Spencer, Emile’ Durkheim, Robert Merton and Talcott Parson. Herbert Spencer, an English philosopher and biologist, views functionalism of having similarities between society and the human body. Society is seen as a whole, in the aspect of functions of its institution’s elements. An analogy that was famously introduced by Herbet Spencer explains our body consists of organs. Each organ has a vital function that is important for our body to work just like each part of society. If any of the organs fails to function, our body will malfunction and possibly die. Talcott Parsons, one of the most significant American functionalist sociologists of the 20th century emphasised the concept of dynamic equilibrium, which refers to how society creates social stability. He recognised the four functional subsystems and the functions they serve in society. The subsystems include economic, political, family, and cultural subsystems. These subsystems act not just for their own sake but also to enable the proper operation of the other subsystems.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Mahamad Dom, Siti Hajar
Zaharuddin, Zahirah
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica > Materia medica > Pharmaceutical technology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Selangor > Puncak Alam Campus > Faculty of Pharmacy
Journal or Publication Title: Prescription
Number: 5
Page Range: pp. 1-2
Keywords: Medication therapy, pharmacists, health system
Date: May 2023
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