Synthesis, characterizations and conductivity study of poly(p-phenylenevinylene) (PPV) derivatives / Nor Saliyana Jumali

Jumali, Nor Saliyana (2011) Synthesis, characterizations and conductivity study of poly(p-phenylenevinylene) (PPV) derivatives / Nor Saliyana Jumali. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


In this study, poly(p-phenylenevinylene) (PPV) was chosen as a subject due to its interesting conductive and electroluminescence properties. These features enable the PPVs to be a good candidate for polymer light emitting diodes (PLEDs) that have a huge potential in solar panels including photovoltaic cell applications. This thesis is divided into five main chapters. The first chapter gives a brief introduction to PPVs and the second chapter is a review on the synthesis of PPVs and their derivatives. Detailed experimental procedure and spectroscopic data are explained in chapter three. Chapter four is further divided into two parts whereby the first part explains the synthetic approaches and the second part explains the conductivity of PPVs. Finally all findings together with recommendation and future works are summarized in chapter five. PPV derivatives were basically synthesized using modified Gilch's route. In this study, the synthesis involved chemical modifications of PPV unit at one and four positions of the aromatic ring with different alkyl chain length. The synthesis started with O-alkylation reaction of 4-alkoxyphenol followed by hydrohalogenation reaction. The monomers were then polymerized by controlling the rate of monomer addition to the base in order to avoid aggregation and incomplete dehydrobromination of monomers. Ten new PPVs and a commercially available MEH-PPV, were successfully synthesized using this method. Six of which were further subjected to conductivity measurement against MEH-PPV as the standard, to observe the effect of the modification of the ring system. The results showed that one of the PPV derivative has higher conductivity in comparison to MEH7 1 PPV, 1.02 X 10" Scm" . The highest conductivity value was recorded for compound 38 (MPR-PPV) which is 1.11 X 10"6 Scm"1 . The effect of chemical modification made also was observed in terms of solubility and colors. Compounds 36 and 37 were insoluble, and the color of PPVs was in the range of red-orange to violet color after the insertion of benzyl substituent on phenylene units. Besides, exploration on PPV oligomers had resulted in one PPV oligomer in a stereoisomer form (compound 52). In conclusion, ten new PPV derivatives were successfully synthesized in three main steps and one PPV oligomer was managed to isolate in a stereoisomer form. Some of these polymeric materials showed good solubility and conductivity in their free standing condition. These PPV derivatives which posses interesting red-orange to violet colors is believe can provide an option and good candidates for several applications including polymer light emitting diodes (PLEDs), photovoltaic cells, photodiodes, solar cells and optically pumpless.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Jumali, Nor Saliyana
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Hamzah, Ahmad Sazali (Prof. Dr.)
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Electrolytes, electrolyte solutions
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Analytical chemistry
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Master of Science - AS 780
Keywords: photovoltaic, electroluminescence , synthesis
Date: January 2011
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