Analysis and management of methane emissions from dumping pond: A cases study at Felda Jengka palm oil mill / Khairuddin, M.N ... [et al.]

Khairuddin, Mohd Nizar and Sulaiman, A and Syahlan, S and Zulkefli, F and Bula, J and Wan Abdul Rahman, W.M.N and Kassim, J and Md Isa, I and Mat Tahir, M.R (2013) Analysis and management of methane emissions from dumping pond: A cases study at Felda Jengka palm oil mill / Khairuddin, M.N ... [et al.]. In: Prosiding KONAKA Konferensi Akademik 2013, 28-29 Oktober 2013, Bukit Gambang Resort City, Gambang, Pahang, Malaysia.


Palm oil production is major agricultural industry in Malaysia, in which palm oil mill effluent (POME) are considered as major waste. These waste products create a huge amount of treated POME sludge into dumping ponds. This paper will focus on theoretical methane emission from the treated POME sludge and establish the effective management practices. The treated POME sludge was collected from dumping ponds in Felda Jengka 8 palm oil mill. The results showed that the sludge content yield of biogas is 0.18 m3 / kgVS, while methane yield production was 0.15 m3 / kgVS. Total methane emission per dumping pond was 2.92 m3/ha. Indeed, it showed potential contribute for greenhouse gasses emission. Meanwhile, financial viabilities of biogas production and biofertilizer projects was obtained in palm oil mill with and without clean development mechanism (CDM). Biogas is captured from closed digestion tank treating POME sludge and converted to green renewable electricity, while biofertilizer were compared viabilities. The financial analysis for 12 years project term analysis indicated that CDM gave a significant effect and ensured economic viability for both project with 15% of internal rate return (IRR), RM 0.9 million of net present value (NPV) and 5 year of payback period (PBP). It is concluded that biogas production and biofertilizer provide additional opportunities for palm oil mills to utilize biomass by products actively with additional financial support of CDM It is advantageous for the palm oil mills to obtain additional profits through utilizing excess biomass. Furthermore, this technology adaption can improve the surrounding environment by utilized treated POME disposal in optimum used.


Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Email / ID Num.
Khairuddin, Mohd Nizar
Sulaiman, A
Syahlan, S
Zulkefli, F
Bula, J
Wan Abdul Rahman, W.M.N
Kassim, J
Md Isa, I
Mat Tahir, M.R
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Biogas
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Methane
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Oils, fats, and waxes > Palm oil
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus
Event Title: Prosiding KONAKA Konferensi Akademik 2013
Event Dates: 28-29 Oktober 2013
Page Range: pp. 35-41
Keywords: Biogas emission, Dumping ponds, Treated palm oil mill effluent sludge, Financial analysis
Date: 2013
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of 39662.PDF] Text

Download (5MB)

ID Number




Statistic details