The effects of shade levels and additional calcium nitrate on the morphology of Cyrtandrabracheia B.L. Burt / Siti Maslizah Abdul Rahman …[et al.]

Abdul Rahman, Siti Maslizah and Yaacob, Adzmi and Wan Abdul Kadir, Wan Mohammad and Mohammad, Zabedah and Shahid, Mahamud and Sayuti, Zulhazmi (2013) The effects of shade levels and additional calcium nitrate on the morphology of Cyrtandrabracheia B.L. Burt / Siti Maslizah Abdul Rahman …[et al.]. In: Prosiding KONAKA Konferensi Akademik 2013, 28-29 Oktober 2013, Bukit Gambang Resort City, Gambang, Pahang, Malaysia.


The effects of different shade levels and additional calcium nitrate [Ca(NO3)2] were tested for morphology of
Cyrtandrabracheia. Mature C bracheia plants were collected and the healthy leaves (2nd-3rd leaf from top)
were chosen for propagation. After five months (3-4 leaf stage), homogenous new plants were selected as
plantlets and grown into 1.5 L pots with peat moss: perlite (50:50) and irrigation was provided three times
per day. Black polypropylene net was used to provide 56% shade level (6-9 mol/day) and 86% shade level
(2-5mol/day). Standard MARDI hydroponic solution (50 ppm N) was applied at two weeks interval. The
plants were subjected to 0, 25, 75 and 100 ppm additional [Ca(NO3)2]. Plants under 86% shade showed an
increase green color saturation and silvery proportion. In addition, 86% shade with additional [Ca(NO3)2]. had
increased the leaf SPAD value. Higher leaf SPAD value comes with darker leaves, which is a preferred trait
for foliage plants. The plants look shiny with the highest silvery variegation. Silvery proportion showed
positive correlation with leaf hue angle and leaf SPAD value but negatively correlated with leaf 'L '. The
result that silvery variegation of C.bracheiawas pronounced in bright green leaves. Consequently,
C.bracheiacan be classified as 'shade' loving plants because it adapts well under 86% shade level and
photosynthetically very efficient. Data collection suggested that jive months old C.bracheiacan be used as
seedlings under 86% shade level without additional [Ca(NO3)2]. for vigorous growth, produce wider, greener
and shiny leaves to meet consumer preference. The result of this study can be used as a guide in the nursery


Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Email / ID Num.
Abdul Rahman, Siti Maslizah
Yaacob, Adzmi
Wan Abdul Kadir, Wan Mohammad
Mohammad, Zabedah
Shahid, Mahamud
Sayuti, Zulhazmi
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany > Plant anatomy
Q Science > QK Botany > Plant physiology
S Agriculture > S Agriculture (General) > Fertilizers and improvement of the soil
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus
Event Title: Prosiding KONAKA Konferensi Akademik 2013
Event Dates: 28-29 Oktober 2013
Page Range: pp. 18-25
Keywords: Cyrtandrabracheia, Calcium nitrate, Shading, Silvery variegation
Date: 2013
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