Black shoes policy : parents’ perceptions towards its implementation / Afifah Hanani Rosdi ... [et al.]

Rosdi, Afifah Hanani and Idris, Izaida Raihanah and Fudzil, Safinah and Syed Othman, Sharifah Asilah and Saari, Izni Syamsina and Atan, Mohd Amirul (2019) Black shoes policy : parents’ perceptions towards its implementation / Afifah Hanani Rosdi ... [et al.]. Multidisciplinary Informatics Journal, 2 (1). pp. 32-40. ISSN 2637-0042


The purposes of the study are to gain a deeper understanding on parents’ perceptions and to investigate the correlation between important factors (school climates, behaviour, economy, hygiene and effectiveness) and perception on the wearing of black shoes in Malaysian schools. The data were collected from 318 parents from urban, sub-urban and rural areas from all over the state of Melaka, Malaysia who were randomly selected using cluster sampling. The results were analysed based on demographic characteristics which were gender, place of origin, race, religion, occupation, age, higher education level and monthly income. The findings revealed that a majority of parents who had children going to school accepted the black shoes policy. They agreed with the abolishment of the previously implemented white shoes policy due to important factors such as school climate, behaviour, economy, hygiene and effectiveness. Based on the findings, the researchers found out that each important factor (school climate, behaviour, effectiveness, hygiene, and economy) had a strong significant correlation with the perception of parents as they affected the decision criteria of the parents. All variables resulted with p-value < 0.001.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Rosdi, Afifah Hanani
Idris, Izaida Raihanah
Fudzil, Safinah
Syed Othman, Sharifah Asilah
Saari, Izni Syamsina
Atan, Mohd Amirul
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > Multivariate analysis. Cluster analysis. Longitudinal method > Regression analysis. Correlation analysis. Spatial analysis (Statistics)
Q Science > QA Mathematics > Analysis > Analytical methods used in the solution of physical problems > System analysis. State-space methods
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perak > Tapah Campus > Faculty of Computer and Mathematical Sciences
Journal or Publication Title: Multidisciplinary Informatics Journal
UiTM Journal Collections: Others > Multidisciplinary Informatics Journal - DISCONTINUE
ISSN: 2637-0042
Volume: 2
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 32-40
Keywords: Black Shoes; New Policy; School Climate; Hygiene; Economy; Behaviour; Effectiveness; Perception
Date: June 2019
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