Phytochemical and antioxidant studies of Malaysian medicinal plants syzygium polyanthum and octomeles sumatrana / Salwa Mohammed Raweh Abdullah Al-Faqeer

Mohammed Raweh Abdullah Al-Faqeer, Salwa (2017) Phytochemical and antioxidant studies of Malaysian medicinal plants syzygium polyanthum and octomeles sumatrana / Salwa Mohammed Raweh Abdullah Al-Faqeer. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

The leaves of S. polyanthum (Myrtaceae) and barks of O. sumatrana (Datiscaceae) were investigated for their chemical constituents, antioxidant and cytoprotective activities. Their aqueous extracts were first subjected to acidic hydrolysis and the organic layers were dissolved in water and partitioned using hexane, ethyl acetate (EtOAc) and w-butanol (BuOH). Six compounds (betulinic acid, ellagic acid, kaempferol, myricetin, quercetin, and /3-sitosterol) were isolated and identified from the EtOAc and BuOH extracts of S. polyanthum and four compounds (quercetin, kaempferol, rutin, bryonolic acid) were purified from the n-butanol extract of O. sumatrana by means of MPLC and HPLC. The structures of the above compounds were determined by comparing their NMR and LCMS-TOF data with reported values. The . structure of bryonolic acid was further confirmed by X-ray crystallography. Eleven essential oil components (a-caryophyllene, /3-caryophyllene, caryophyllene oxide, 1,8-cineole, /3-elemene, eugenol, eugenol acetate, isoeugenol, a-pinene, /3-pinene, terpinen-4-ol) were identified from S. polyanthum and four fatty acid derivatives (linoleic acid, methyl linoleate, myristic acid, palmitic acid) and three steroids [5,6-dihydroegosterol, ergosta-5,8(14)-dien-3/3-ol, ergosta-5-en-3/3-ol] were determined from O. sumatrana by GC-MS analysis of their hexane extracts. The H-hexane, EtOAc and BuOH extracts were subjected to DPPH, FRAP and cytoprotective activities. The EtOAc and BuOH extracts of both plants showed potent DPPH activity with the EC50 values of 159.12 ± O.llug/mLand 186.40 ± 0.58 ng/mL in S.polyanthum and 125.3 ± 0.17 ug/mL and 136.4 ± 0.17 ug/mL in O. sumatrana, respectively. It was found that bryonolic acid (EC50 = 26.7 ± 0.74) only marginally quenched DPPH radical but ellagic acid, myricetin, quercetin, rutin and kaempferol (92.4 ± 3.82, 74.1 ± 1.29, 76.04 ± 2.63, 76.8 ± 1.11 and 71.22 ± 1.09 (/*M), respectively) showed strong DPPH radical scavenging activity. Then, the isolated compounds from S. polyanthum and O. sumatrana (myricetin, ellagic acid, betulinic acid, /3-sitosterol, rutin, quercetin, kaempferol and bryonolic acid) were tested for their cytotoxic effects towards three types of cells including normal human embryonic liver (WRL-68), normal green monkey kidney (Vero) and human hepatocarcinoma (HepG2) cell lines. The cells were treated with different concentrations of the compounds and the results showed that the compounds from S. polyanthum and O. sumatrana were non-toxic towards normal cells. However, betulinic acid and bryonolic acid had high cytotoxicity towards HepG2 cells. Next, the cytoprotective effects of the isolated compounds against hydrogen peroxide-induced WRL-68 and Vero cells were investigated. Quercetin, kaempferol, myricetin, ellagic acid, betulinic acid, /3-sitosterol and bryonolic acid showed significant protective effects compared to control against oxidative stress-induced WRL-68 and Vero cells. Furthermore, betulinic acid and bryonolic acid showed higher protective effect compared to ellagic acid, kaempferol, myricetin and quercetin and the activities of the antioxidative enzymes such as superoxide dismutase (SOD) and catalase (CAT) were enhanced in a dose-dependent manner. In conclusion, this study demonstrated that most compounds from S. polyanthum and O. sumatrana were cytoprotective against oxidative stress induced by H2O2 with betulinic acid and bryonolic acid having the highest potential to be developed to be used as anticancer candidates and alternative medicine.

Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Mohammed Raweh Abdullah Al-Faqeer, Salwa
2008278202
Contributors:
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Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Weber Abdullah, Jean-Frederic Faizal ( Prof. Dr. )
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: S Agriculture > SB Plant culture > Medicinal plants (Culture only)
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Pharmacy
Programme: Doctor of Philosophy (Pharmaceutical chemistry) PH-990
Keywords: medicinal, plants, Malaysia
Date: January 2017
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/39334
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