Plaster Mould Selection for Ceramic Slip Rotary Moulding System (CSRM) / Norrul Hafizan Ab Wahab ...[et al.]

Ab Wahab, Norrul Hafizan and Saad, Nor Hayati and Nasir, Norazne and Mahamad Sahab, Abdul Rahim (2017) Plaster Mould Selection for Ceramic Slip Rotary Moulding System (CSRM) / Norrul Hafizan Ab Wahab ...[et al.]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE), SI 4 (5). pp. 109-120. ISSN 18235514


The suitability of two types of plaster as mould material for CSRM were investigated. The goal of the study is to select the best type of gypsum plaster to be used as mould material for new alternative of ceramic slip casting named as Ceramic Slip Rotary Moulding (CSRM). The new system required porous and stronger mould as complement to the additional system modification of existing conventional ceramic slip casting. Thus, higher lifespan of mould can be produced and directly reducing plaster waste generation. Two(2) types of plaster (hard and soft) were subjected to several test to determine the properties of the plaster in terms of density, particles size, porosity, water absorption and flexural strength. Five(5) samples of each type of plaster were prepared according to ASTM C293-02 for flexural test and ASTM C373-88 for porosity and water absorption test. Result shows that particle size distribution affects the porosity percentage, water absorption and flexural strength of the mould. The larger the particles size the higher the porosity and water absorption percentage of the mould. Soft plaster has the highest porosity level compared to hard plaster. However, when it is exposed to external heat repeatedly, soft plaster reduced its ability to absorb water from time to time. In contradiction, hard plaster gives higher flexural strength compared to soft plaster. In terms of surface roughness, soft plaster produced the most finely green body compared to hard plaster. This result is used as a reference in future research in order to achieve the main goal of producing semi- permanent mould for ceramic slip rotary moulding.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Ab Wahab, Norrul Hafizan
Saad, Nor Hayati
Nasir, Norazne
Mahamad Sahab, Abdul Rahim
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery > Machine design and drawing
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
ISSN: 18235514
Volume: SI 4
Number: 5
Page Range: pp. 109-120
Keywords: plaster moulding, porosity, water absorption, flexural strength, ceramic slip rotary moulding
Date: 2017
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