Selective removal and recovery of gold and copper ions from aqueous solution by PKFAD- impregnated chitosan / Muhammad Ridhwan Abdul Rahim

Abdul Rahim, Muhammad Ridhwan (2020) Selective removal and recovery of gold and copper ions from aqueous solution by PKFAD- impregnated chitosan / Muhammad Ridhwan Abdul Rahim. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


Chitosan is one of the developing biosorbent that becomes main interest among the researchers since it can be used to recover various types of heavy metals in the aqueous solution. A lot of physical and chemical modifications had been done toward the chitosan in order to increase its effectiveness for heavy metals recovery. In this research, the recovery of gold and copper ions from the aqueous solution has been investigated by using PKFAD-impregnated chitosan as biosorbent, since there is no research had been conducted for this new biosorbent. It is necessary to be conducted since the conventional method like solvent extraction bring more negative impact to the environment. The objectives of this research are to investigate the effects of different parameters on the selective sorption of gold and copper from aqueous solution by PKFAD-impregnated chitosan and to propose suitable desorbing agents for gold and copper recovery from PKFAD-impregnated chitosan by literature review. To synthesis the PKFAD-Chitosan beads, the raw chitosan needs to be dissolved with 3% acetic acid before mixed with the PKFAD. The formation of the beads can be done by dropping the mixture solution wisely into the methanol/ammonia solution. The investigated parameters for gold and copper ions recovery are pH of the aqueous solution, initial ratio concentration of aqueous solution and biosorbent dosage. Based on the result obtained, the highest percentage adsorption of Au(III) and Cu(II) can be achieved at pH = 3.24 (96.9%) and pH = 5.53 (71.1%) respectively. When the pH is increasing, the selectivity of Au(III) over Cu(II) reduced from 28.772 to 0.328. For the initial ratio concentration, it can be observed that the adsorption capacity of gold increasing from 6.66 mg/g to 30.719 mg/g with the initial ratio Au(m):Cu(FT) from 1:1 to 5:1. However, the selectivity of Au(III)/Cu(n) is much lower compared to Cu(n)/Au(III) even though the concentration of Au(III) is five times higher than Cu(II). For the adsorbent dosage, the adsorption capacity were decreased for both Au(III) (13.29 mg/g to 3.94 mg/g) and Cu(II) (12.59 mg/g to 2.53 mg/g). The selectivity of gold over copper start to surpass at the adsorbent dosage 0.16 g. For the desorption process, the combination of eluents, thiourea and HCl is highly potential to recover Au(III) from PKFAD-Chitosan beads. Meanwhile, the recovery of copper can be done by using HCl, HNO3 and EDTA that act as the eluents.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Abdul Rahim, Muhammad Ridhwan
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Chang, Siu Hua
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Chemical elements
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Flocculation, precipitation, adsorption, etc. Coagulation
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Adsorption
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chitosan
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus > Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Programme: Bachelor of Chemical Engineering (Environment) With Honours
Keywords: Chitosan, Gold, Methanol/Ammonia
Date: August 2020
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