Parametric investigation of the performance of gold nanoparticles augmented cellulosic microcapsules by alginate encapsulation for P-nitrphenol degradation / Siti Sarah Fadzil

Fadzil, Siti Sarah (2017) Parametric investigation of the performance of gold nanoparticles augmented cellulosic microcapsules by alginate encapsulation for P-nitrphenol degradation / Siti Sarah Fadzil. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The gold nanoparticles augmented with cellulosic microcapsules by alginate encapsulation method was studied for the parametric investigation of its performance in P-nitrophenol degradation. The objectives of this experiment are to determine the parametric of AuNP-cellulose catalyst dosage on removal efficiency and AuNP- cellulose reaction in PNP degradation at different temperatures. Then, the kinetic model of gold nanoparticles in p-nitrophenol degradation is determined. In this work, the gold nanoparticle was prepared by using citrate reduction method and it was further synthesis with coconut husk cellulose. Then, the gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) with cellulose was transformed into microcapsules by alginate encapsulation technique. Then, gold nanoparticle-cellulosic microcapsule beads were formed. Hence, the catalytic performance of AuNPs for the reduction of P-Nitrophenol (PNP) was tested as a model reaction with an excess amount of sodium borohydrate, NaBH4. After that, the removal efficiency of PNP by gold nanoparticle augmented cellulosic (AuNP-cellulosic) microcapsules dosage, reduction of PNP within varies of temperatures by kinetic reaction of AuNP-cellulosic and kinetic study of AuNP-cellulosic in PNP conversion will be investigated by using UV-Vis spectrometry. For dosage of AuNP-cellulose catalyst on PNP removal efficiency, the amounts of AuNP-cellulose were weighted to 5, 7 and 10 mg. From the result obtained, it shows that at 10 mg of AuNP-cellulose catalyst dosage, the PNP removal achieved is 96.1%. The removal efficiency is increase within the increase of amount of AuNP-cellulose catalyst dosage. Moreover, for reactions of AuNP-cellulose in PNP degradation within different temperatures (28, 35, 45 and 55°C) clarify that the temperatures play an important role for degradation of PNP. From the result, it shows that, the higher the temperature the faster the reaction of PNP to reduce. Also it was determined that the activation energy (Ea) for PNP degradation to PAP is 13.63 kJ/mol for catalytic system based on AuNP-cellulose catalyst.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email
Fadzil, Siti Sarah
2014684714
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ali Bashah, Nur Alwani
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Chemical elements
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Self-assembly (Chemistry). Decomposition (Chemistry)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering > Special processes and operations
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering > Special processes and operations > Desulphuration
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus > Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Programme: Bachelor of Chemical Engineering (Environment) With Honours
Item ID: 38081
Uncontrolled Keywords: P-Nitrophenol Degradation, Gold Nanoparticles, AuNP-Cellulose Catalyst
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/38081

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