Optimization of supercritical fluid extraction for Mariposa Christia vespertillonis by using response surface methodology / Nurul Nadiah Mohd Nazri

Mohd Nazri, Nurul Nadiah (2017) Optimization of supercritical fluid extraction for Mariposa Christia vespertillonis by using response surface methodology / Nurul Nadiah Mohd Nazri. [Student Project]

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Abstract

Mariposa Christia vespertillonis (L.) (MCV) Bakh. f. is a plant which commonly known as Mariposa or ‘butterfly wing’ because of the shape of its leaves is similar to a butterfly in terms of its color and shape. This plant has been known to use as a treatment for many diseases such as tuberculosis, bronchitis, inflamed tonsils, colds, muscle weakness and poor blood circulation. Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFE) is the technology equipment that can be used for the extraction of MCV leaves. SFE is the process of separating one component from another by using supercritical fluids as the extracting media. The aim of this study is to obtain the most optimum conditions in term of temperature, pressure and particle size in order to achieve the high amount of yield in the MCV plant extract. To obtain the design parameter for each samples, three factor of manipulated parameter was used to evaluate the percentage of yield obtain from the extraction of MCV. The manipulated parameters for this experiment are Temperature (T), Pressure (P) and Particle Size (S). In this study, the ranges of each parameter used are based on previous studies. The range parameters used are: temperature, T (°C): 30, 40, 50, 60, 70, pressure, P (bar): 150, 200, 250, 300, 350, and particle Size, S: 63 pm, 125 pm, 250 pm and 1 mm. To obtain the optimum condition of yield, response surface methodology (RSM) was used. From the design, 20 samples need to be run throughout this experiment. The optimized value from the RSM is 39°C of temperature, 202 bar of the pressure and 0.500 mm of the particle size with the yield is 7.9 %. In order to test the accuracy of the predictive models, two repeated validation run were carried. The result of analysis indicated that the experimental data are not agreement with the predicted values whereas the percentage error is maximum at 14%. The instability of the experimental error as compared to predicted values may be contributed to some noise during measurement of the sample or flaws during the experiment.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email
Mohd Nazri, Nurul Nadiah
2014839042
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
UNSPECIFIED
Mohd Ariff, Mohd Azahar
UNSPECIFIED
Thesis advisor
UNSPECIFIED
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Extraction (Chemistry)
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering > Special processes and operations
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering > Special processes and operations > Extraction
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus > Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Programme: Bachelor Of Chemical Engineering (Environment) With Honours
Item ID: 38075
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mariposa Christia Vespertillonis, Supercritical Fluid Extraction (SFE), Response Surface Methodology (RSM)
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/38075

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