Characterization of gold nanoparticles augmented cellulosic microcapsules by alginate encapsulation method for p-nitrophenol degradation / Nurafadyla Jeman

Jeman, Nurafadyla (2017) Characterization of gold nanoparticles augmented cellulosic microcapsules by alginate encapsulation method for p-nitrophenol degradation / Nurafadyla Jeman. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

The aim of this work was to synthesise and characterize the physical and chemical properties of the AuNPs and to investigate the feasibility of p-nitrophenol (PNP) degradation by AuNPs augmented cellulosic microcapsules in the catalytic reduction of PNP. The AuNPs was synthesized by using citrate reduction method where the citrate solution will act as the reducing agent. In order to investigate the feasibility of the p-nitrophenol degradation, the chemical and physical properties of the AuNPs had been characterized. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was used to determine the size, shape and morphology of the microcapsules while the absorption spectra that give the information about the surface plasmon band was determined by Ultraviolet-visible Spectroscopy (UV-vzs). Brunaeur-Emmet-Teller (BET) analyser was used to determine the surface area of gold nanoparticles augmented cellulosic microcapsules. The AuNPs microcapsule had been produced by using alginate encapsulation method. Since p-nitrophenol was considered as a priority pollutant due to its toxicity, AuNPs microcapsules was used to degrade the PNP into PAP. The size of the microcapsule produced was in the range of 1 -2 mm with the surface area 3.8821 m2/g and the wavelength of the AuNPs was determined at 522 nm. The microcapsules had porous structure which can provide accessible active sites. The absorbance peak for the PNP and the mixture of PNP and NaBH4 were 383 nm and 457 nm respectively. The PNP were degraded into p-aminophenol (PAP) with the presence of NaBH4 and AuNPs microcapsules. Almost half of the PNP were degrade in 3 hours. Therefore, the degradation of the PNP to PAP was achieved by 48.33%.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email
Jeman, Nurafadyla
2014806328
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ali Bashah, Nur Alwani
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Chemical elements
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering > Special processes and operations
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering > Special processes and operations > Desulphuration
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus > Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Programme: Bachelor of Chemical Engineering (Environment) With Honours
Item ID: 38072
Uncontrolled Keywords: Degradation, P-Nitrophenol (PNP), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM)
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/38072

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