Synthesis and activity of mixed oxides (Cr-Mn) catalysts in esterification process to produce FAME from non-edible oil / Muhammad Saifuddin Shahar

Shahar, Muhammad Saifuddin (2017) Synthesis and activity of mixed oxides (Cr-Mn) catalysts in esterification process to produce FAME from non-edible oil / Muhammad Saifuddin Shahar. [Student Project]

Abstract

Fatty acid methyl ester (FAME), a potential biodiesel is widely being highlighted for its role as an alternative source for fuel and diesel used in manufacturing industry and human activity. Producing FAME using low cost non-edible oil such as palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) with the assistant of hetereogeneous mixed oxide catalyst is able to enhance the esterification process. In this study, mixed oxide catalyst which is chromium-manganese (Cr-Mn) was synthesized by using sol-gel method and analyzed for the production of fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) from palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) via esterification process. Two parameters were studied for catalyst preparation which are the effects of catalyst metal ratio with formula of CrxMnO2 and catalyst calcination temperature. The reactions were conducted in a batch reactor with the temperature of 160°C. The catalyst that has the best performance in production of FAME (where lowest density of FAME is 0.85g/cm3), is catalyst with formula CrMnO2 (best ratio at 1:1). Best calcination temperature for this CrMnO2 catalyst is at 500oC. This shows that the formula CrMnO2 can be a good and potential solid catalyst for enhancing FAME production.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
CreatorsEmail / ID. Num
Shahar, Muhammad Saifuddin2013902189
Contributors:
ContributionNameID Num. / Email
Thesis advisorWan Kamis, Wan ZuraidaUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Organic chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Organic chemistry > Biochemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Conditions and laws of chemical reactions
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Conditions and laws of chemical reactions > Catalysis
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Fuel > Biodiesel fuels
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus > Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Programme: Bachelor Of Chemical Engineering (Environment) With Honours
Item ID: 37780
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME), Palm Fatty Acid Distillate (PFAD), Chromium-Manganese (Cr-Mn)
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/37780

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