Synthesis and characterisation of TiO based catalyst for the production of FAME from the esterfication of PFAD / Muhammad Imran Sulaiman

Sulaiman, Muhammad Imran (2017) Synthesis and characterisation of TiO based catalyst for the production of FAME from the esterfication of PFAD / Muhammad Imran Sulaiman. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

TiO based catalyst mixed oxides solid catalysts were prepared and evaluated in the esterification of palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD) to produce fatty acid methyl ester (FAME). Esterification was conducted in a batch reactor at 100-170OC temperature ranges. The catalysts were characterized by several techniques such as BET and FTIR. The effect of catalyst preparation condition (catalyst ratio) and the influence of reaction conditions (methanol/PFAD ratio, temperature) were studied. The prepared catalyst with formula TiCr (calcined at 500OC for 2h) gave the maximum FAME conversion at best reaction conditions (160OC, 2h, 4:1 methanol/PFAD molar ratio, 1.5 wt% catalyst dosage). Thus, TiCr has shown promising potentials as heterogeneous catalyst for FAME synthesis from high acid value oils.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Sulaiman, Muhammad Imran
2014670342
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Abdul Halim, Siti Fatimah
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Conditions and laws of chemical reactions
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Conditions and laws of chemical reactions > Catalysis
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Fuel
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Fuel > Biomass
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus > Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Programme: Bachelor of Chemical Engineering (Environment) With Honours
Keywords: Palm Fatty Acid Distillate (PFAD), Fatty Acid Methyl Ester (FAME), Catalyst Preparation Condition (catalyst ratio)
Date: 2017
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/37743
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