Removal of ammonium ion from aqueous solution using graphite adsorbent / Haszalina Abdul Halim

Abdul Halim, Haszalina (2017) Removal of ammonium ion from aqueous solution using graphite adsorbent / Haszalina Abdul Halim. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

Abstract

The excessive discharge of polluted wastewater consists of ammonium ion that comes from various industries was threatened the environment due to its toxicity and hazardous effects at low concentration. There are various researches studies have been carried out for the ammonium ions removal using different types of adsorbents. Graphite was used as the adsorbent for the removal of ammonium ion in this study and it was investigated that graphite has the ability to remove NH4+ ions from aqueous solutions. This project aimed to study the operating parameters and the adsorption isotherms. Various operating parameters such as contact time, temperature, initial concentration and adsorbent dosage were studied and optimized by a batch adsorption of ammonium removal from aqueous solution. The effect of contact time was optimized at 50 minutes, the temperature was effective at 25 oC, the initial ammonium ion concentration in solutions was gained a high removal percentage at 100 mg/L and the adsorbent dosage was effective at 0.5 g. From the various operating parameter study, it can be conclude that graphite has a rapid equilibrium for the adsorption of ammonium ions. The characterization of FTIR showed that small significance changes on the peak before and after the adsorption and thus, there were no changes in the chemical bond but the intensity or the percentage transmittance is change where the reaction was occurred at the peak. Freundlich and Langmuir adsorption isotherms were used to model the equilibrium adsorption data for adsorption of ammonium ion onto graphite. The adsorption process was executed by equilibrating various parameters in ammonium ion solutions. Correlation coefficient was best fitted for both isotherms which are 0.9186 and 0.985 for Langmuir and Freundlich respectively.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Abdul Halim, Haszalina
2013136151
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Mohamad Nor, Norhusna
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Sewage disposal systems
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Sewage disposal systems > Treatment, purification, etc.
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Adsorption
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Biotechnology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Biotechnology > Marine biotechnology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus > Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Programme: Bachelor of Chemical Engineering (Environment) With Honours
Keywords: Polluted Wastewater, Graphite, Adsorption Isotherms
Date: 2017
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/37714
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