Colloidal stability of gold nanoparticles in organic and aqueous media / Egbert Awel

Awel, Egbert (2017) Colloidal stability of gold nanoparticles in organic and aqueous media / Egbert Awel. [Student Project] (Unpublished)

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Abstract

Gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) is the most stable metal nanoparticles but they have a tendency to agglomerate. When agglomeration occur, the stability of the gold nanoparticles is decreasing. In order to prevent the agglomeration, a stabilizer need to be introduce into the system. Colloidal stability is the main parameter in order to prevent the agglomeration of gold nanoparticles. Steric or electrostatic stabilization need to be introduced to increase the stability of the gold AuNPs. In this work, the main objectives is to characterize the physical properties of the AuNPs in both organic and aqueous media after it is being synthesise by using the citrate reduction method. On the other hand, The effect of the temperature and time is being investigated in order to know the size and the stability of the AuNPs. The gold nanoparticle initially will be synthesised by using sodium citrate reduction method and refer as the gold precursor before it is further dissolved in the organic media, dimethylformamide (DMF). The naked AuNPs and the AuNPs that is dissolved in the organic media will be analysed by using TEM, Zeta Sizer and UV-vzs. The maximum peak appeared at 0.8447 A and maximum wavelength of 522 nm is observed from the UV-vzs analysis. The AuNPs are well dispersed on the organic media but there are some agglomeration occur where the particles size distribution is approximately 3.5 nm. From the observation, the optimum temperature for AuNPs in both organic and aqueous media are 35 °C.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email
Awel, Egbert
2013588829
Contributors:
Contribution
Name
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Ali Bashah, Nur Alwani
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Theory of solution
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Theory of solution > Supersaturated solutions. Crystallization, etc.
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering > Special processes and operations
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Chemical engineering > Special processes and operations > Solidification
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus > Faculty of Chemical Engineering
Programme: Bachelor of Chemical Engineering (Environment) With Honours
Item ID: 37698
Uncontrolled Keywords: Gold Nanoparticles (AuNPs), Agglomeration, Colloidal Stability
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/37698

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