Fracture characteristics of betong bamboo culm loaded in compression, bending and shear / Mohd Nazarudin Zakaria

Zakaria, Mohd Nazarudin (2005) Fracture characteristics of betong bamboo culm loaded in compression, bending and shear / Mohd Nazarudin Zakaria. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.

Abstract

Bamboos, being a common resource (plant) in the Asian region provide an
interesting alternative raw material other than timber. The study was conducted to
determine the fracture characteristic and microscopic failure of round bamboo and
their relationship to the strength properties of bamboo loaded in compression,
bending and shear. "Buloh Betong" (Dendrocalamus asper) aged 3 years old was
used in this study. Specimens were taken from intemode and node of bottom, middle
and top portion. All the specimens were tested at 12% ofMC. Generally, the fracture
characteristics from three different tests shown variety of failure mode on each test.
In compression parallel to grain there are three mode of failure generated along the
culm height and between internode and node. Meanwhile in bending, four mode of
failure was observed from bottom, middle and top portion. However in shear test,
only one mode of failure was found from internode and node part of bottom to top
portion. Each classified failure mode from respective test was affected by grain and
fiber orientation within the bamboo culm which differ from bottom to the top and
between internode and node. The variety of strength properties was found between
classified failure modes on each test. Generally the failure mode occurred at top
portion and at internode part posses significantly greater strength properties
compared to same or different failure mode from bottom, middle and node part. A
slight variation was observed in microscopic failure from all classified failure mode
of each test where the crushing occurred mostly at parenchyma cells as compared to
vascular bundles with minimum crushing effect.
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Metadata

Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Creators:
Creators
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Zakaria, Mohd Nazarudin
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany > Plant physiology
Q Science > QK Botany > Plant ecology
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Keywords: Bamboos, plant, strength properties, bending, shear
Date: 2005
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/3722
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