Sensing properties of nanostructured zinc oxide-based gas sensor fabricated using immersion method / A.K. Shafura...[et al.]

A.K., Shafura and M.H., Mamat and M, Uzer and M., Rusop and N.D., Md Sin and A., Shuhaimi and A.H. Alrokayan, Salman and A. Khan, Haseeb (2017) Sensing properties of nanostructured zinc oxide-based gas sensor fabricated using immersion method / A.K. Shafura...[et al.]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE), SI 1 (1). pp. 53-64. ISSN 1823-5514 ; 2550-164X


Zinc oxide (ZnO) is a unique semiconducting material that popular among researchers due to its potential in various applications. ZnO has wide optical band gap energy of 3.37 eV and high excitation binding energy of 60 meV. Numerous methods can be used to fabricate nanostructured ZnO-based gas sensor, such as, physical vapor deposition (PVD), chemical vapor deposition (CVD), immersion method and etc. Immersion method is considered as a low cost and easy method to obtain nanostructured ZnO. In this work, the nanostructured ZnO-based gas sensor have been fabricated by immersion method using zinc acetate dehydrate (Zn(CH3COO)22H2O) as the precursor. The ZnO solution’s molarity was varied ranging from 0.02 M to 0.10 M. The effect of different molarity on its structural, electrical and sensing properties was investigated. The structural properties were characterized using atomic force microscopy (AFM). All samples have roughness value in range of 13 nm to 21 nm. The electrical properties were measured using current-voltage (IV) measurement. The highest conductivity of 3.3 × 10-3S∙cm-1 was obtained by 0.06 M. The sensing properties were characterized using simple gas testing setup. The samples were tested to 5% methane gas at operating temperature of 150 oC. The 0.06 M exhibited the highest sensitivity of 14.3%.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
A.K., Shafura
M.H., Mamat
M, Uzer
M., Rusop
N.D., Md Sin
A., Shuhaimi
A.H. Alrokayan, Salman
A. Khan, Haseeb
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
ISSN: 1823-5514 ; 2550-164X
Volume: SI 1
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 53-64
Keywords: ZnO, CH4 Gas Sensor, Immersion Method, Molarity
Date: 2017
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