Pattern analysis of diabetes mellitus using geographic information system [GIS] : a case study of Hospital Sultanah Bahiyah Alor Setar, Kedah / Nurhana Athirah Ahmad Helmi

Ahmad Helmi, Nurhana Athirah (2020) Pattern analysis of diabetes mellitus using geographic information system [GIS] : a case study of Hospital Sultanah Bahiyah Alor Setar, Kedah / Nurhana Athirah Ahmad Helmi. Degree thesis, Universiti Teknologi Mara Perlis.

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Abstract

Diabetes is a group of metabolic diseases that caused by defects in insulin secretion, insulin action or both. Geographical information systems (GIS) tools can help improve our understanding of the disparities in health outcomes in society. The aim of this research is to analyse the spatial pattern of diabetes cases in Kedah relation to age, gender and race among patients of Hospital Sultanah Bahiyah from year 2014 to 2018 using Geographical Information Systems (GIS). The objective of this project to investigate the trend of diabetes cases using descriptive analysis and to analyses the pattern of diabetes cases using spatial statistics. The registration data obtained from Hospital Sultanah Bahiyah, Alor Setar’s medical records to identify patients with diabetes mellitus based on socio-demographic age, race and gender. This information will be converted into a database file for use in GIS software. Then, it can identify the pattern of diabetes mellitus cases either it cluster, disperse or uniform and hotspot area with a high number of cases of diabetes mellitus. Based on this study, female has the highest number of patients in year 2016 compared to other year which is 63 (17.74%). Patients with the age between 40 to 60 years old shows the highest number of patients that was diagnosed with diabetes mellitus and Malay have the highest number of patients that have diabetes mellitus in year 2014 until 2018 followed by Chinese and Indian. Spatial autocorrelation (Moran’s I) showed clustering significant with p<0.05, Z score 3.488 and Moran’s Index of 0.013. Hot spot areas fell on the Alor Star. This study provides examples of the use of useful GIS analysis for large data sets available in electronic medical records.

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Item Type: Thesis (Degree)
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Ahmad Helmi, Nurhana Athirah
2016577451
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General) > Geographic information systems
R Medicine > RC Internal Medicine > Diabetes Mellitus
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis > Arau Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Biology
Item ID: 36826
Uncontrolled Keywords: Diabetes ; Spatial Autocorrelation ; Pattern Analysis ; Gender ; Age ; Race
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/36826

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