Formation of Dihydroxystearic Acid (DHSA) from epoxidized palm oleic acid by peracid mechanism and their kinetic study / Mohd Jumain Jalil...[et al.]

Jalil, Mohd Jumain and Habr, Hamzah Hafizuddin and Abdul, Hadi and Mohd Yamin, Aliff Farhan and Ismail, Kamariah Noor and Abdul Rani, Noor Hidayu (2020) Formation of Dihydroxystearic Acid (DHSA) from epoxidized palm oleic acid by peracid mechanism and their kinetic study / Mohd Jumain Jalil...[et al.]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE), 17 (3). pp. 85-94. ISSN 1823-5514 ; 2550-164X

Abstract

Dihydroxystearic acid (DHSA) is a product derived from a chemical modification of palm oleic acid. Application of these valuable fatty acids can be found in cosmetics, as a thickening agent and as a coating agent for pigments due to its unique structure. This study investigates the effect of a catalyst on epoxidation and the formation of DHSA by peracid mechanism. The epoxidation yield calculated by relative conversion to oxirane (RCO%) with a high yield of 95% achieved. Thereafter, the epoxidized oleic acid was hydrolyzed to produce DHSA. The formation of DHSA was verified by analysed the physicochemical properties using Fourier Transform Infra-red (FTIR). The kinetic model was being conducted to determine reaction rate using Particle Swarm (PS). The result showed that PS obtained a minimum error of 0.2005 and a correlation coefficient, r of 0.9999.

Metadata

Item Type: Article
Creators:
CreatorsEmail / ID. Num
Jalil, Mohd Jumainmjumain0686@gmail.com
Habr, Hamzah HafizuddinUNSPECIFIED
Abdul, HadiUNSPECIFIED
Mohd Yamin, Aliff FarhanUNSPECIFIED
Ismail, Kamariah NoorUNSPECIFIED
Abdul Rani, Noor HidayuUNSPECIFIED
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
Journal: UiTM Journal > Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
ISSN: 1823-5514 ; 2550-164X
Volume: 17
Number: 3
Page Range: pp. 85-94
Official URL: https://jmeche.uitm.edu.my/
Item ID: 36591
Uncontrolled Keywords: epoxidation, DHSA, palm oils
URI: http://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/36591

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