Palm oil based wax as an alternative resist agent for batik canting / Hamdan Haji Lias

Lias (Haji), Hamdan (2007) Palm oil based wax as an alternative resist agent for batik canting / Hamdan Haji Lias. Masters thesis, Universiti Teknologi MARA.


Paraffin wax. has being used as a resist agent by the.batik manufacturers in Malaysia
since 1930. The wax together with chemicals rosin acted as a resist agent in making the
batik,canting, batik cop and batik printing. Due to inadequate supplies of paraffin wax
which happened in 1965, this research focused to identify an alternative to paraffin wax
in order to minimize the dependency of batik canting industry towards paraffin wax.
An alternative to paraffin identified in this study is Palm oil based wax which the
samples of it were taken from the Malaysian Palm Oil Boar (MPOB). There were
ele,venexperiments conducted to determine that the Palm oil based wax is' capable to
substitute paraffin. as a resist agent. for batik canting. The capabilities of Palm oil based
wax were tested to see the effectiveness of the·Palm oil based wax as a resist agent· on
three different types of fabrics namely satin' silk, rayon and .cotton with three different
sizes of canting tools. Each fabric required different proportion of Palm oil based wax
and rosin to act as an effective resist agent. The effective resist agent basically is able
to block'out the dyes from dispersing from the outline that drawn by the batik wax.


Item Type: Thesis (Masters)
Email / ID Num.
Lias (Haji), Hamdan
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NK Decorative arts > Decoration and ornament. Design > Special subjects for design
N Fine Arts > NK Decorative arts > Other arts and art industries > Textile arts and art needlework > Batik > Malaysia
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Oils, fats, and waxes > Palm oil
T Technology > TS Manufactures > Textile fabrics > Malaysia
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Art and Design
Keywords: Batik,canting, batik cop, batik printing, batik canting industry, paraffin wax, wax, palm oil
Date: 2007
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