Bearing strength behaviour of bridge concrete pedestal with confined reinforcements / Mohd Raizamzamani Md Zain...[et al.]

Md Zain, Mohd Raizamzamani and Azmi Yahya, Norrul and Lee, Siong Wee and Oh, Chai Lian and Abdul Rahman, Abdul Samad (2019) Bearing strength behaviour of bridge concrete pedestal with confined reinforcements / Mohd Raizamzamani Md Zain...[et al.]. Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE), 16 (2). pp. 167-181. ISSN 1823-5514 ; 2550-164X


This paper deals with the bearing capacity of the unreinforced and reinforced bridge concrete pedestals/concrete blocks when concentrically loaded through square steel plate under axial compressive loading. It is well known that the presence of the lateral reinforcement gave a higher value of bearing capacity of concrete block. The main purpose of this study is to determine the ultimate bearing strength and observed the failure modes of confining reinforcement on the bearing strength of concrete blocks. A total of nine numbers of specimens with three different types of concrete pedestals was experimentally investigated. There are three specimens of concrete pedestals reinforced with ties, three specimens of concrete pedestals reinforced with spirals and three plain concrete pedestal. The use of square steel plate helps in determining the bearing capacity when concentrically loaded on top of the specimen. Experimental results indicate that the reinforced concrete blocks with spirals and ties gave larger bearing capacities than unreinforced concrete blocks. While the concrete block with higher steel percentage gave a slightly higher bearing capacity. The modes of failure between reinforced and unreinforced concrete blocks were differ between each other as the inverted pyramid and a conical shape failure occurs in the plain concrete block, while reinforced concrete block mostly gave a splitting crack on the outside of the lateral reinforcements.


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Md Zain, Mohd Raizamzamani
Azmi Yahya, Norrul
Lee, Siong Wee
Oh, Chai Lian
Abdul Rahman, Abdul Samad
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Mechanical Engineering
Journal or Publication Title: Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Journal of Mechanical Engineering (JMechE)
ISSN: 1823-5514 ; 2550-164X
Volume: 16
Number: 2
Page Range: pp. 167-181
Keywords: Bearing strength, Square steel plates, Bridge concrete pedestals, Confining reinforcements
Date: 2019
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