Financial openness for small open economy / Nur Asyiqin Ramadhan and Tay Bee Hoong

Ramadhan, Nur Asyiqin and Tay, Bee Hoong (2012) Financial openness for small open economy / Nur Asyiqin Ramadhan and Tay Bee Hoong. [Research Reports] (Unpublished)


The openness declared in Malaysia aims to strengthen the economic interlink-ages with other
economies and enhancing the role of the liberalization itself as a key enabler and mechanism of
economic growth. The main concern of this study is to examine the correlation between financial
openness towards economy and the total output growth. Primary attention has been given, for not
just focusing on country level but also going in depth into industry level to look at this
relationship based on Malaysia experience. The emergence of this study is due to the highly
debated topic since the liberalization is announced and due to the mix result on the effect of
financial openness towards growth by past researchers in different cross-country. Besides, most
literatures on financial openness are based on the economic growth at country level and only few
in industrial level. Thus, this paper attempts to seek the relation of the financial openness proxy
by de facto (the volume of a country's foreign asset and liability) and de jure (index of capital
account openness) towards the Malaysia economy as a whole and more specific to industrial
level which is manufacturing. Different measurement of financial openness used since it is
arguably by previous researchers on both indexes. The relevancy of selecting manufacturing
industry in this research is because it has a dominant force in the Malaysian growth experience,
contributing significantly to growth of output. By looking at the manufacturing industry, this
study adopted Pearson Correlation and OLS Regression to meet the objectives of the research. In
addition, the empirical work had extended towards Granger causality test to have a reverse
relationship on variables. The study used time series data ranges from 1970 to 2007. The proxy
for financial openness data derived from Chin and Ito (2009) for de jure while Milesi-Feretti
(2006) for de facto. The study shows mixed result on both proxies which are de jure and de facto
towards the economy and industry. In Granger causality test, the finding shows financial
openness is the one that give impact to the both economy and industry in Malaysia. This finding
can be concluded that financial openness enhances growth regardless of their characteristics.


Item Type: Research Reports
Email / ID Num.
Ramadhan, Nur Asyiqin
Tay, Bee Hoong
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > Industry
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > Manufacturing industries
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > Financial management. Business finance. Corporation finance
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pahang > Jengka Campus
Keywords: Financial openness, Output growth, Economic growth, Manufacturing, Malaysia.
Date: February 2012
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