Natural fruit peels – potential biosorbents for combating oil pollution / Wan Nazihah Wan Ibrahim, Nordiana Suhada Mohmad Tahiruddin and Siti Nurhazlin Jaluddin

Wan Ibrahim, Wan Nazihah and Mohmad Tahiruddin, Nordiana Suhada and Jaluddin, Siti Nurhazlin (2013) Natural fruit peels – potential biosorbents for combating oil pollution / Wan Nazihah Wan Ibrahim, Nordiana Suhada Mohmad Tahiruddin and Siti Nurhazlin Jaluddin. Jurnal Intelek, 8 (1). pp. 51-58. ISSN 2682-9223

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Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the efficiency of different biosorbent materials for oil removal from polluted water. Three natural and chemically treated fibers of Banana, Durian, Jackfruits were utilized to absorb two types of oil namely diesel and petroleum from polluted water. The chemical modification of fruits fibers was carried out using acetic anhydride with absence and presence of N-bromosuccinimide (NBS) as catalyst has been investigated. The degree of acetylation was determined to measure the percentage of the fibers that has been modified in the sample. The chemical modification of the fruits fiber was evaluated by degree of acetylation method using FTIR Spectroscopy. This study also investigates the characterization of the fibers using FTIR spectrophotometer and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). The comparison study between untreated and treated fibers was carried out with catalyst. The acetylated fiber show higher oil absorption capacity compare to untreated fiber due to increasing of hydrophobic properties on the surface of fiber. It was found that the weight percent gain increase up to 14% with using the catalyst compared to 7% without using catalyst. Thus, NBS was chosen as catalyst in this study.

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Item Type: Article
Creators:
Creators
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Wan Ibrahim, Wan Nazihah
UNSPECIFIED
Mohmad Tahiruddin, Nordiana Suhada
UNSPECIFIED
Jaluddin, Siti Nurhazlin
UNSPECIFIED
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry
Q Science > QD Chemistry > Physical and theoretical chemistry > Conditions and laws of chemical reactions > Catalysis
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Perlis > Arau Campus
Journal or Publication Title: Jurnal Intelek
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Jurnal Intelek (JI)
ISSN: 2682-9223
Volume: 8
Number: 1
Page Range: pp. 51-58
Official URL: https://jurnalintelek.uitm.edu.my/index.php/main
Item ID: 34439
Uncontrolled Keywords: Acetylation fruits fiber, Environment, Natural Sorbent, Oil spillage, Oil sorption capacity
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/34439

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34439

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