Treatment of synthetic azo dyes wastewater by using rice husk as adsorbent / Syaza Athirah Asri

Asri, Syaza Athirah (2018) Treatment of synthetic azo dyes wastewater by using rice husk as adsorbent / Syaza Athirah Asri. [Student Project] (Unpublished)


The discharge of synthetic azo dyes wastewater without further treatment direct from various industries could affect human’s health, ecosystem of aquatic life and the environment. The disposal problem of untreated agricultural wastes can lead to greenhouses effect resulting from the open burning. This study aimed to measure the adsorbent capacity of rice husk and to optimize the parameters for further batch sorption. The feasibility of low cost agricultural waste adsorbents toward the decolourization of different azo dyes was measured throughout the adsorption process. The raw rice husks undergo chemical activation of phosphoric acid (H3PO4) before further carbonization. The rice husk activated carbon was characterized using FT-IR Spectrometer and UV-VIS spectrophotometer. The optimization independent parameter such as adsorbent dosage (1.0, 1.5 and 2.0 g), pH (3, 7 and 10) and contact time (1, 2 and 3 hours) was studied. In this study, screening of different azo dyes resulted in higher removal efficiency towards Congo red (43.85%) followed by Tartrazine (43.84%) and Remazol black 5 (11.85%). The batch adsorption showed maximum adsorption capacity of 7.38 mg/g dye with respect to 2.0 g of adsorbent dosage at pH 7 for 60 minutes. Hence, the activated carbon of rice husk was capable to remove the selected azo dyes and can be economically used for wastewater treatment throughout this study.


Item Type: Student Project
Email / ID Num.
Asri, Syaza Athirah
Email / ID Num.
Thesis advisor
Nawahwi, Mohd Zaini
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General) > Study and teaching > Laboratories. General works
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > Textile bleaching, dyeing, printing, etc. > Dyes
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Negeri Sembilan > Kuala Pilah Campus > Faculty of Applied Sciences
Programme: Bachelor of Science (Hons.) Biology
Keywords: Treatment of synthetic azo dyes wastewater, rice husk as adsorbent
Date: 2018
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