Language classroom anxiety: a comparative study of ESL learners / Voviana Zulkifli

Zulkifli, Voviana (2007) Language classroom anxiety: a comparative study of ESL learners / Voviana Zulkifli. Asian Journal of University Education (AJUE). pp. 75-99. ISSN 1823-7797


Malaysia decided use English as the medium of instruction at
university level beginning 2002 and much debate has surfaced since then. English has also increased in importance in the People’s Republic of China (PRC) since the nation joined the World Trade Organization (WTO) and implemented an Open Door Policy. This study compares perceived second language anxiety and attempts to identify significant differences in the level of anxiety of male and female ESL university students at Stamford College, Petaling Jaya,
Selangor, Malaysia and from the PRC Malaysia. It also attempts to
identify the factors that could contribute to language classroom
anxiety. Although the study did not control for factors that may
influence language apprehension, the results suggest that nearly
half of the total number of respondents are anxious about learning
the English language. The English Language Classroom Anxiety
Scale (ELCAS) with 32 items was constructed and used for the
purpose of the study which was adapted from the Foreign Language
Classroom Anxiety Scale (FLCAS) (Horwitz et al. 1986). Findings
show that gender is of slight significance but nationality is an
important variable in identifying the anxiety level with the various
factors that may contribute to English language classroom anxiety


Item Type: Article
Email / ID Num.
Zulkifli, Voviana

L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > Higher Education > Institutions of higher education > Four year institutions. Universities and colleges > Private universities and colleges > Malaysia
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam > Faculty of Education
Journal or Publication Title: Asian Journal of University Education (AJUE)
UiTM Journal Collections: UiTM Journal > Asian Journal of University Education (AJUE)
ISSN: 1823-7797
Page Range: pp. 75-99
Keywords: ESL, English language, Language classroom anxiety, Private universities, Malaysia
Date: December 2007
Edit Item
Edit Item


[thumbnail of AJ_VOVIANA ZULKIFLI AJUE 07.pdf] Text

Download (0B)

ID Number




Statistic details