Rainfall-runoff modeling using HEC-HMS / Siti Munirah Ismail

Ismail, Siti Munirah (2006) Rainfall-runoff modeling using HEC-HMS / Siti Munirah Ismail. [Student Project] (Submitted)

Abstract

The changes of natural hydrology characteristic due to the replacement of natural vegetation to a high percentage of impervious surfaces in the watershed will effect to the volume of runoff in receiving water. It is due to the increasing of surface runoff and flow velocities which will cause to decrease in flow travel time. This phenomenon has alleviate problems regarding the local runoff impacts on receiving water flow and lead to increase in flood peak. In Malaysia, flooding is one of the natural hazards that affect the communities and have caused damages worth of million every year. For more than thirty years, computer models have been used as an essential tool for flood analysis. This report depicts a hydrologic engineering study carried out at Sg. Junjung, Penang, Malaysia for rainfall runoff modelling using HEC-HMS. The Hydrologic Modeling System is designed to simulate the rainfall-runoff processes of dendritic watershed systems. HEC-HMS model was used to predict design flow for major system (ARI 50 and ARI 100 years). The data collected were used to develop flow rating curve and to derive historical and predicted flood hydrograph. The historical flood hydrograph for the 20^-21st October 2005 was used to calibrate with the predicted flood hydrograph (HEC- HMS model). The calibrated model was validated with historical flood hydrograph on storm event 15lh-17Ul July 2005. Hydrographs produced by this study can be used directly or in conjunction with other software for studies of water availability, urban drainage, flow forecasting, future urbanization impact, weir design, flood damage reduction, floodplain regulation, wetlands hydrology, and systems operation.

Metadata

Item Type: Student Project
Creators:
Creators
Email / ID Num.
Ismail, Siti Munirah
2003339917
Subjects: T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > Water supply for domestic and industrial purposes > Water distribution systems
Divisions: Universiti Teknologi MARA, Pulau Pinang > Permatang Pauh Campus > Faculty of Civil Engineering
Programme: Bachelor Of Civil Engineering (Hons)
Keywords: Natural Hydrology, Phenomenon, Hydrographs.
Date: 15 November 2006
URI: https://ir.uitm.edu.my/id/eprint/32487
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